Men Who Stare At Women’s Breast 10 Minutes Daily Will Live Longer, Healthier – Scientific Research

Men who stare at women’s breasts for 10 minutes daily will live longer and will also be healthier, a study done by a German scientist, Karen Weatherby, and published in the New England Journal of Medicine said.

According to the News Agency of Nigeria, the study, which was carried out over a period of five years, involved 500 men, half of whom were instructed to stare at women’s breasts in a lustful manner for no less than 10 minutes every day.

The other half were instructed to abstain from doing such.

It concluded that men who stared at breasts, more often, showed lower rates of heart problems, slower resting heart rate and lower blood pressure, all of which enable a healthy living and long life.

The study said men should stare at breasts for 10 minutes a day to improve the wellness of their hearts and live longer.

“Just 10 minutes of staring at the charms of a well-endowed female every day is roughly equivalent to a 30-minute aerobics work-out,” the study revealed.

When the two groups of men were tested, men that stared at breasts daily had lower blood pressure, slower resting pulse rates, as well as fewer instances of coronary artery disease.

“Sexual excitement gets the heart pumping and improves blood circulation. Gazing at breasts makes men healthier and engaging in this activity a few minutes daily cuts the risk of stroke and heart attack by half.

“We believe that by doing so consistently, the average man can extend his life for four to five years,’’ he added.

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Grave Dangers Of Excess Salt Intake |The Republican News


High salt intake increases blood pressure, which can lead to heart disease, while high potassium intake can help relax blood vessels and excrete the sodium and decrease blood pressure.

By Job Osazuwa

Table salt is an added ingredient in most foods. It is used for curing meat, masking off-flavours, retaining moisture, and enhancing flavours.

Nutrition & Public Health specialist and Director, Nutrition Services and Education, State Primary Health Care Development Board, Osun State, James Oloyede, defines salt as a mineral composed primarily of sodium chloride used in food for both preservation and flavour.

He said both sodium and chloride ions are needed in small quantities in the body. While salt is involved in regulating the water content (fluid balance) of the body, sodium is used for electrical signalling in the nervous system.

Many people believe that without the satisfactory quantity of salt in a food the meal could be classified as tasteless, hence, the need to add more and more. Some persons habitually crave salty, savoury foods and salty snacks.


However, it has become worrisome to many specialists as salt is increasingly and typically consumed in very high amounts in different parts of the world including Nigeria. Well, dieticians advise that it is pertinent for everyone to restrict his or her daily intake of salt to no more than a teaspoon’s per day or no more than 2, 300 milligrams for most adults, according to global dietary guidelines.

Even if you don’t develop high blood pressure from eating too much salt, you may still be damaging your blood vessels, heart, kidneys and brain, experts have warned.

You might be wondering whether you are consuming too much salt or not. The more salt you eat, the higher your blood pressure and high blood pressure dramatically increases your risk of heart diseases and stroke. Also, excessive levels of it in your body, over time, can increase your risk of osteoporosis – a disease characterised by low bone mass and deterioration of bone tissue, as well as other chronic conditions.

It has been revealed that more than 90 per cent of children and 89 per cent of adults consume more sodium than is recommended in the new global 2015-202 Dietary Guidelines. Indeed, nearly all Nigerians, regardless of age, race or gender, consume more salt than is recommended for a healthy diet, said a Lagos-based general practitioner, Dr Dominic Ibe. According to him, many people have been wallowing in a sheer ignorance of the level of salt intake, thereby, exposing their health to the grave and many dangers.

He said despite long-standing advice to cut down on salt, Nigerians’ consumption of salt has stayed mostly the same during the past decade, revealing that the trend was not unconnected with the fact that more than three-quarters of the salt (sodium) that people eat comes from processed or packaged foods and restaurant food.

“If we must witness a drastic reduction of salt consumption in the Nigerian population, restaurants and food manufacturers would need to cut the amount of salt they put in food. This might simply be the most powerful public health tool or campaign that is needed for reducing salt for Nigerians. You must agree with us that most people now patronise food vendors than foods cooked at homes. People, including women, are always busy working into late hours and wouldn’t have the time to start cooking when they get home. Therefore, restaurants’ foods become the likely available option,” Ibe said.

Nutritionists, researchers have reviewed available evidence from different studies and found that high levels of salt consumption have harmful effects on a number of organs and tissues, even in people who are “salt-resistant,” which means their salt intake does not affect their blood pressure. They advise that you will still enjoy your food so much more if you cut your salt intake to acceptable dietary guidelines.

In 2013, a Turkish study showed that lower levels of salt were linked to better brain ability in adults with high blood pressure.

Another research on too much consumption of salt conducted on mice in 2017 revealed: “We translate that in humans to activities of daily living, and that’s what we would call severe cognitive impairment or dementia,” says Costantino Iadecola, a professor of neurology and neuroscience at Weill Cornell Medical College in New York City and the study’s lead researcher.

Experts have also raised the alarm that frequent urination, whether during the day or at night, is a key sign of excessive salt intake. But others have countered the submission saying that it could also be a symptom of a number of other conditions, from an overactive bladder or urinary tract infection to Type 2 diabetes.

High salt consumption levels can lead to reduced function of the endothelium, which is the inner lining of blood vessels. Endothelial cells are involved in a number of processes, including blood clotting
and immune function. High salt levels can also increase artery stiffness, another research revealed.

A study conducted by an associate professor in Kinesiology and Applied Physiology at the University of Delaware, United States of America, David Edwards and others in 2015 reveals: “High dietary salt can also lead to left ventricular hypertrophy or enlargement of the muscle tissue that makes up the wall of the heart’s main pumping chamber. As the walls of the chamber grow thicker, they become less compliant and eventually are unable to pump as forcefully as a healthy heart.”

Edwards’ colleague and chair of the Department of Kinesiology and Applied Physiology at the university, Prof. William Farquhar, said, “chronically elevated dietary sodium may ‘sensitise’ sympathetic neurons in the brain, causing a greater response to a variety of stimuli, including skeletal muscle contraction.

“Again, even if blood pressure isn’t increased, chronically increased sympathetic outflow may have harmful effects on target organs.”

On determining or being watchful over the quantity of salt one consumes, a senior clinical nutritionist at New York University Medical Centre in New York City, USA, Samantha Heller noted that reducing salt consumption can be confusing for consumers because many foods high in salt don’t necessarily taste salty. It is advised that one of the easiest ways to reduce our salt intake is to eat more home-cooked foods using less-processed products.

Corroborating Heller’s position on cutting down of salt intake, Ibe suggested that one of the ways Nigerians can cut the salt in their diet is by reading food labels and deliberately choosing foods low in salt.

“Looking at the label for the content of salt is a powerful way of controlling high salt intake. In addition, people can adopt a healthy eating plan, such as the one recommended in dietary guidelines. Also, people can adopt the dietary approaches to stop hypertension, which is an eating plan that is simple and heart healthy. It’s high in fruits, vegetables, fibre, potassium and low-fat dairy products,” he said.

“Also, an excess of salt in your diet can lead to swollen ankles. Swollen ankles can be caused by water retention as a result of eating too much salt. But ensure you run the appropriate tests and get it evaluated by a doctor. However, other conditions can give rise to swollen ankles. If you suffer from frequent mild headaches and have no idea what is causing them, you might have to reduce your salt intake. An overload of salt in the diet can lead to dehydration-induced headache symptoms,” Ibe enlightened.

Health implications

On the implication of too much salt in the body, Oloyede said studies had shown that when sodium is consumed regularly on an excess basis, the kidneys have trouble keeping up with the need to excrete excess sodium in the bloodstream.

He said: “As sodium accumulates, it gets stored in the blood; increases water retention and blood volume in a bid to dilute the sodium. This increases the pressure on the heart, which has to work harder to pump the blood, thereby increasing pressure on the arteries. This invariably leads to stiffening of blood vessels over time, leading to high blood pressure, heart attack, and stroke, including heart failure.

“In a population with high consumption of salt, high blood pressure is a leading cause of cardiovascular disease accounting for two-thirds of all strokes and half of heart disease. In China, high blood pressure is the leading cause of preventable death, responsible for more than one million deaths a year.

“Interference with Endothelium: high-sodium diets could interfere with the proper functioning of the endothelium (cells that line the interior surface of blood vessels and lymphatic vessels, forming an interface between circulating blood or lymph in the lumen and the rest of the vessel wall). It causes inflammation and stiffening, hence damage to heart, aorta, and kidneys without necessarily increasing blood pressure.

Research shows that a higher intake of salt, sodium, or salty foods are linked to an increase in stomach cancer. The World Cancer Research Fund and American Institute for Cancer Research concluded that salt, as well as salted and salty foods,  are a “probable cause of stomach cancer.”

The higher the salt intake the more the quantity of calcium that your body loses, via urination. If calcium is in short supply in the blood, it can be leached out of the bones. So, a diet high in sodium could have an additional unwanted effect – the bone-thinning disease known as osteoporosis. Studies have shown that reducing salt intake causes a positive calcium balance, suggesting that reducing salt intake could slow the loss of calcium from bone that occurs with ageing.

He said: “Sodium and potassium have opposite effects on heart health. High salt intake increases blood pressure, which can lead to heart disease, while high potassium intake can help relax blood vessels and excrete the sodium and decrease blood pressure. Our bodies need far more potassium than sodium each day, but unfortunately, the converse is the case.

“People who eat high sodium, low potassium diets have a higher risk of dying a heart attack or from any cause. Some studies have found out that people with the highest sodium intakes had a 20 per cent higher risk of death from any cause than people with the lowest sodium intakes. People with the highest potassium intakes had a 20 per cent lower risk of dying than people with the lowest intakes.

“People with the highest ratio of sodium to potassium in their diets had doubled the risk of dying of a heart attack than people with the lowest ratio, and they had a 50 per cent higher risk of death from any cause,” the expert explained.

People at high risk

Oloyede said the people with high risk of developing health problems related to salt consumption are those over age 50; people who have high or slightly elevated blood pressure; diabetes patients and African Americans (US).

Tips for lowering salt intake

To lower the risk from the excess salt intake, Oloyede recommended an increased intake of diet rich in potassium. “Eat more fresh vegetables and fruits, which are naturally high in potassium and low in sodium. Eat less bread, cheese, and processed meat, as these and other processed foods are high in sodium and low in potassium.

Cardiologists (heart experts) recommend getting less than 2, 300 milligrams (mg) of salt or sodium each day, unless the consumer has high blood pressure or if he or she is at risk (those already with hypertension, diabetes or kidney disease). Then, the recommendation is that you eat 1,500 milligrams of salt a day. That’s less than a teaspoon from all your meals and snacks,” he said.

Avoid adding salt to foods at the table: Break the habit of automatically reaching for your salt shaker. Table salt is about 40 per cent sodium. It is more dangerous to add salt to already cooked foods.

Read the labels on salt/sodium content when shopping for foods or snacks: Look for lower-sodium cereals, crackers, pasta sauces, canned vegetables, or any foods with low-salt options. At restaurants, ask about salt added to food. Many chefs will skip or cut back on salt if you ask.

Eat fewer processed and packaged foods: Packaged, processed foods account for most of the sodium in people’s diets. If you prepare your own food, there is a higher chance that you can control what is in it. If your restaurant posts the nutrition facts for its dishes, check how much sodium is in a serving. There may be lower-sodium options on the menu then opt for the latter.   (The Sun)

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MMM Founder, Sergei Mavrodi, Dies Of Heart Attack At Age Of 62 |RN

                    Founder of MMM scheme, Sergei Mavrodi

Russian businessman Sergei Mavrodi, whose MMM pyramid scheme deprived millions of Russians of their savings in the 1990s, has died of a heart attack, according to Russia media.

Reports said the 62-year-old was rushed to the hospital late on March 25 with pain in his chest and died several hours later.

Mavrodi’s MMM financial pyramid was a typical Ponzi scheme in which earlier investors receive their profits from subsequent investors. Mavrodi promised returns of 20 percent to 75 percent a month, as well as lotteries and bonuses for investors.

As soon as the number of new clients stopped growing, the pyramid collapsed, causing huge financial losses for at least 10 million people, in some cases leaving them destitute.

In 1994, Mavrodi was elected as a lawmaker, a decision he later said was to ensure he received immunity from prosecution. In 1996, he lost his parliamentary mandate.

In 2007, a Moscow court found him guilty of financial fraud and sentenced him to 4 1/2 years in a penal colony.

In 2011, Mavrodi launched another pyramid scheme called MMM-2011, calling on investors to purchase so-called Mavro currency units in a bid to get rid of the “unfair” financial system. Some 15 months later, Mavrodi halted the project.

From 2011-16, Mavrodi launched Ponzi schemes under the MMM brand in India, China, South Africa, Zimbabwe, and Nigeria.

In many of those countries, Mavrodi’s operations were subsequently shut down or suspended.

(Radio Liberty)

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Excessive Weight Can Cause Heart Attack – Medical Expert |The Republican News

                                                              Dr Philip Kolo

An Associate Professor of Medicine and Cardiology, Department of Medicine, University of Ilorin, Kwara State, Dr Philip Kolo, tells ARUKAINO UMUKORO about heart attack and how to prevent it

How would you define heart attack and how vulnerable are Nigerians to it?

A heart attack is a serious medical emergency in which the blood supply to the heart is suddenly blocked usually by a blood clot, leading to serious damage to the heart muscle. In medical parlance, a heart attack is called acute myocardial infarction, and it is a common cause of sudden and unexpected death in affected persons.

In terms of epidemiology, previously, heart attacks were very rare among Africans, especially those residing in Africa. But there has been a gradual increase in the incidence of heart attacks among Nigerians. This is believed to be due to the sophistication and improvement in nutrition, unhealthy diet and reduction of physical activities.

What age group and gender are prone to heart attacks?

The age group most affected is usually the middle- age and elderly population. It is more common among Caucasians than blacks or Africans. Also, men seem to be more affected than women, although one must plead caution here, because the presentation in women may not look typical as it occurs in men. So, it is possible that many of the cases are meek in women. But generally, the disease tends to affect men more than women. Other groups most affected include individuals that have hypertension, diabetes; those who live a sedentary lifestyle or don’t do a lot of physical activities and obese people. Cigarette smoking, like I mentioned earlier, is also a risk factor.

What kind of food rich in cholesterol should people not take too much?

One should start early to begin to watch one’s consumption of food rich in cholesterol, especially when one reaches the age of 30-35 going on 40, as some of the ability to metabolise this cholesterol may not be as effective as they were when one was younger. The conditions of many of the cardiovascular diseases that we see in adults usually start at a younger age. We should start watching our diet early.

Generally, red meat – beef, goat meat, and some bush meat — has a lot of cholesterol.  White meat (fibre) like meats from chicken and birds contain less cholesterol compared with red meat. Fish oil contains omega-3-fatty acids which are cardioprotective. Some also say that in place of red meat, they take intestines from cows (shaki), but these also have a lot of cholesterol, so they should be avoided altogether. If one looks at meat from animal organs, including liver, as long as they are from cows, they have a lot of cholesterol. So, we usually advise people to avoid eating too much of cow meat.

Also, one fries food substances to make them more appealing, but the danger of frying is that fried meat, eggs and related products tend to convert the cholesterol to more harmful fatty acids or trans fat (trans fatty acids). It is better we boil our food instead and eat them.

What are some of the symptoms of coronary artery disease?

The spectrum of manifestation is many. Those who have these narrow arteries usually have predictable chest pains. For example, if they walk like two or three poles, the chest pain begins, it subsides when they rest. This is called stable Angina Pectoris, a chest pain that one can predict. Some would describe the pain as a feeling of heaviness or constriction on the chest. Such pain may spread to the arms, the neck or part of the abdomen above the umbilicus. The second mode of manifestation is unstable angina, that is, chest pain one cannot predict or does not get better. Unlike stable angina, which gets better with rest or drugs, unstable angina does not usually get better with rest or drugs. But these are different from acute myocardial infarction – heart attack. There are special tests that can be done in the hospital to differentiate unstable angina from the two types of acute myocardial infarction, these are ECG (Electrocardiogram) and cardiac biomarkers (troponin). The ECG would determine the kind of treatment the individual would be given.

However, a good number of chest pains may not be related to the heart. But when you look at the signs, one would be able to differentiate it. Usually, the pain from the heart is specific, and the individual tends to hold the left side of the chest in such situation. This kind of pain is usually brought on by physical exertion.

What should be done immediately when one notices someone having a heart attack?

One of the major problems that we have with patients with a heart attack is a late presentation to the hospital. In Nigeria, because most people are not aware of heart attack when they experience the symptom, they tend to seek for treatment at nearby chemists or health workers living around them. In developed countries, there are specific code numbers one can call on during an emergency such as 911 0r 999.

The first thing to do is to take that person experiencing chest pain to the hospital immediately where help can be given. A tablet of aspirin can be given immediately because that can help in improving the disease condition. In some patients, once they experience such, they have a cardiac arrest instantly. In some public places, even in Nigeria, there are machines called defibrillator, which can restart the heart immediately. If this machine is not available, chest compression needs to be done on the person so that the heart can restart while they are on their way to the hospital. Once they get to the hospital, the doctors know how to manage the condition. First, they would do the resuscitation of the patient by ensuring that the airways are clear and the circulation is okay. Also, the ECG needs to be done urgently to know if it was a heart attack or not. Another test called cardiac enzymes is done. Oxygen is then given to the person, as well as drugs to relieve the pain. If available, Percutaneous Coronary Intervention is also another procedure done too to remove the clot from the arteries. If not available, medications called clot buster drugs are administered in the hospital through an IV to break up blood clots.

What are the risk factors for heart attack and how can they be prevented?

Diet and low levels physical activities are major risk factors. When individuals consume diets that are very rich in saturated fatty acids, especially animal fat, which is very common in our environment, increases their risks. Cigarette smoking, systemic hypertension and excessive alcohol consumption also increase the risk of a heart attack. A heart attack is also one of the manifestations of coronary artery disease. Coronary arteries supply blood to the heart, a muscular organ, which pumps blood to all parts of the body. In individuals who are not careful about their diet, especially diets that are rich in cholesterol, what usually happens is that there is a deposition of fat on the walls of the arteries that supply blood to the heart. These deposited fats may eventually cause a narrowing of the arteries. So, during strenuous activity, the arteries in this individual cannot dilate so that more blood can get to the heart, and the person may experience pain.

Also, occasionally, the surface of the deposited fats can get injured and the collagens are exposed, leading to the formation of clots inside the coronary arteries. If this happens, the area that is supplied by those arteries would experience severe blood shortage, and it may lead to death. So the person may experience the sudden onset of pain as a result of sudden obstruction of the blood supply to that part of the heart, which cause severe oxygen lack. That is what then cause a heart attack.

To prevent heart attacks, one needs to watch one’s weight and diet early in life. Try to prevent having excessive weight gain from eating too much food with a lot of cholesterol and not partaking in exercises or outdoor activities. A 30-minute of regular exercise on three non-consecutive days per week would help a lot in this regard. People should also stop smoking cigarettes and avoid excessive intake of alcohol.

Are there enough specialists in hospitals in Nigeria to handle cases of a heart attack?

More importantly is the issue of awareness. Many Nigerians are not so aware of this condition, so they don’t come to the hospital on time. Treatment is best given within the first two hours of a heart attack to prevent death. We need to create awareness among the population on a heart attack. We have lots of facilities to manage heart attacks and improve on them. For example, very few medical centres have access to the percutaneous coronary intervention facility. In developed countries, that is the gold standard for treating patients with heart attack. There are trained personnel but without the PCI, they cannot treat patients with heart attacks when they come to the hospitals. I believe government needs to equip our hospitals, especially with what I would call cardiac catheterization laboratories so that these coronary interventions can be done as we are seeing more of such cases in Nigeria.  (Punch)

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People Who Skip Breakfast or Eat Poorly Risk Heart Attack |The Republican News


Family at breakfast table

People who skip breakfast or eat poorly to start the day are twice as likely to develop hardened arteries, which can lead to deadly heart disease, researchers said Monday.

The study in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology uncovered signs of damage to the arteries long before symptoms or disease developed.

Researchers said their findings could offer an important tool in the fight against cardiovascular disease, the world’s top killer, which took 17.7 million lives in 2015, according to the World Health Organization.

“People who regularly skip breakfast likely have an overall unhealthy lifestyle,” said study author Valentin Fuster, director of Mount Sinai Heart and editor-in-chief of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

“This study provides evidence that this is one bad habit people can proactively change to reduce their risk for heart disease.”

The report was based on 4,000 middle-aged office workers in Spain. Participants were followed for six years.

About one in four ate a high-energy breakfast, which included 20 percent or more of the day’s calories.

Most people in the study — 70 percent — ate a low-energy breakfast that gave them five to 20 percent of their daily calorie intake.

Three percent said they skipped breakfast altogether or ate very little. This group “tended to have more generally unhealthy eating habits and a higher prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors,” said the report.

People who skipped breakfast also “had the greatest waist circumference, body mass index, blood pressure, blood lipids and fasting glucose levels,” it said.

Researchers used ultrasound technology to scan participants for signs of fatty deposits in the arteries or early evidence of disease.

They found that people who ate less than five percent of their recommended daily calories at breakfast had, on average, double the amount of fatty buildup in the arteries as people who ate a high-energy breakfast.

This heightened risk of hardened arteries among people who skipped breakfast or ate little to start the day appeared independently of other factors, such as smoking, high cholesterol and physical inactivity.

Previous studies have shown that eating a healthy breakfast is linked to good health, including a lower body weight, healthy diet, and lower risk of problems with cholesterol, blood pressure and diabetes.

Skipping breakfast has also previously been shown to raise the risk of coronary artery disease.

According to Prakash Deedwania, professor of medicine at the University of California, San Francisco and author of an accompanying editorial in the journal, the study offers more evidence that skipping breakfast can be harmful to one’s health.

“Although breakfast skippers are generally attempting to lose weight, they often end up eating more and unhealthy foods later in the day. Skipping breakfast can cause hormonal imbalances and alter circadian rhythms,” said Deedwania.

“That breakfast is the most important meal of the day has been proven right in light of this evidence.”


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