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Federal Government Bans Shisha Smoking |The Republican News

By Michael Abimboye

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

The Federal Government has banned the use of flavoured tobacco, especially Shisha, in public places, and directed security agencies to arrest anyone found inhaling the substance.

Minister of Health, Prof. Isaac Adewole, made this known on Monday in Abuja, in an event organised to mark the 2018 World No Tobacco Day celebration in Nigeria with the theme, ‘Tobacco Breaks the Heart Choose Health, Not Tobacco’.

This was even as he said Nigeria losses $800 million annually to stroke, heart disease and diabetes, even as the projected accumulated loss to tobacco in 2015 has been put at $7.6 billion. He explained that evidence has shown that for every $1 gain from tobacco business about $3 was expended on healthcare cost.

Worried over the increasing rate of tobacco-related deaths in the country and the world in general, a work plan was developed and launched by the minister on the National Tobacco Control (NTC) Act, which could be implemented by stakeholders before the approval of the NTC Regulations, to curb the use of tobacco products in the country.

“The work plan outlines education, enforcement and monitoring for compliance including the ban on sale of tobacco products to and by anyone below 18 years of age; ban on tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship of any kind; ban on smoking in public places; and ban on sale of tobacco products in piecemeal quantity but in packs of 20 sticks for cigarettes or 30g for smokeless tobacco.

“The FMOH is also looking beyond the work plan as we are developing a comprehensive 5-year National Tobacco Control Strategic Plan that will provide the roadmap for complete tobacco control. In addition to this, the FMOH participated actively in the review of the Nigeria Industrial Standard for tobacco products convened by Standards Organisation of Nigeria in collaboration with Consumer Protection Council (CPC).

“A key outcome of this review was the ban on all characterizing flavours including the addition of menthol into tobacco products. This decision is to protect our children from getting enticed by flavoured tobacco products. Let me stress that the ban on tobacco products with characterizing flavours is still in place and the ban includes shisha because it has flavour. I, therefore, urge the CPC and the law enforcement agencies to intensify arrest of defaulters,” he said.

According to him, there were more than 1 billion smokers globally and more than 7 million people were killed annually by tobacco. Of this figure, he said more than 6 million dies from direct tobacco use, and close to 900,000 die from exposure to second-hand smoke.

“Data from 2014 WHO – NCD Global Status Report showed that heart-related diseases, cancers, diabetes and chronic respiratory disease killed 38 million (68%) persons out of the 56 million global deaths recorded in 2012, and sadly, more than 40% of these deaths occurred before the age of 70 years. It is generally agreed that tobacco will kill more than 50% of its users when used exactly as recommended by its manufacturers.

“Globally there are more than 1 billion smokers, and more than 7 million people are killed by tobacco annually. Of this, more than 6 million die from direct tobacco use, and close to 900,000 from exposure to second-hand smoke. I must add that the low and middle-income countries including Nigeria bear nearly 80% of the global burden.

“This indeed calls for increased awareness on the impact of tobacco use and exposure to second-hand tobacconpro on cardiovascular health,” he added.

Adewole who exposed plans of tobacco producing companies to hide under the guise of non-governmental organisations on a Smoke-Free World to partner with the public to further project their businesses advised Nigerians to be careful in entering into partnerships they weren’t sure of.

“May I inform you that we are not oblivious of the conscious efforts by the tobacco industry to protect their business above the health of the public. In view of this we are duty-bound to protect Government Laws, Regulations and Policies from commercial and other vested interests of the tobacco industry in accordance with the WHO FCTC Article 5.3 and the NTC Act 2015. Recently, Philip Morris International (PMI) under the guise of the ‘Foundation for a Smoke-Free World’ is persuading the public to partner with the Foundation.

“May I caution in strong terms that all Ministries, Departments, Agencies, Academia, Professional bodies, Non-Governmental Organizations and members of the public not to accept support from or enter into a partnership agreement with this Foundation or any tobacco industry or their front groups as this might lead to an irreconcilable conflict of interest. If the tobacco industry means well they must stop manufacturing tobacco products,” he added.  (New Telegraph)

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Some Health Effects Of Wearing Tight Clothing |The Republican News

Dr.-Sylvester-Ikhisemojie
                                             Dr Sylvester Ikhisemojie

The habit of wearing tight clothing is often seen as fashionable to the extent that the trend has begun to appear even in some of our traditional outfits. The appearance is particularly good when the clothing items are close-fitting; that is not necessarily the case when there is tightness built into those clothes. When one wears tight clothes, the blood circulation is often compromised and may even be damaged to the extent that certain symptoms are found to develop. When you wear a shirt that has a tight collar, for example, the flow of blood to the head and brain could be impeded so profoundly that headaches develop. Other features that a person may experience as a result of such dressing include blurring of the vision, dizziness and even blackouts. Sometimes, a tingling sensation in the head may also be experienced. Apart from reducing the blood supply to the skin and other structures, a tight clothing item can cause bruising of the skin in such a way that bacteria are able to breach that protective layer of tissue and cause infections.

Tight clothes, especially jeans, have been known to exert undue pressure on certain bony prominences in the lower limbs causing skin bruises, skin pain and numbness. The diminished sensation can be so severe that someone who suffers from it may be unable to move. This was the case of a young woman in a dramatic case reported in Australia when she helped someone move into their residence and spent the greater part of the day squatting as she helped to clear out cupboards and rearrange others. After some hours, she was unable to feel any sensation in the legs as they both swelled within the tight jeans she wore. The swelling was such that it compressed the adjacent nerves and rendered the woman unable to move. She fell down when her legs refused to obey instructions from her brain and were not discovered for several hours. She spent four days in the hospital taking drips before sensation gradually returned to those legs. This case triggered the launching of the awareness campaign in many countries about the dangers of such dressing.

But then, she was lucky. The legs, especially the feet, could easily have been lost and an amputation or a double amputation would have had to be the result. This can be the tragic end when a compartment syndrome develops in the affected limb. What this means is that there is a build-up of pressure within the soft tissues of the legs involving the tissue planes between the muscles, tendons and ligaments which are then compressed against the rather harder bones. The soft tissues suffer a catastrophic stoppage of their blood supply as the rising tension within those structures cuts off their blood supply. Without emergency surgical relief, gangrene and even death could be the result. Those women who love to wear their skinny jeans and men too who wear similar clothing need to be aware of these dangers. For men, there is the added risk of suffering from serious reproductive challenges as a result of this habit.

Men are also advised to be particularly careful about wearing tight jeans because the pressure the tight apparel exerts on the genitals could provoke a torsion of the testis. Tight jeans are already implicated in causing pain in the testis. The potential to cause testicular torsion takes the dangers to an entirely fresh level. A testis that has twisted will have its blood supply suddenly cut off. When that happens, the testis dies a slow death if this obstruction to normal blood flow is not reversed by an emergency operation within six hours. A recent encounter with a 14-year-old boy in similar straits whose father was unable to pay for the required surgery brought this risk forcefully home. At such a tender age, he is left to face the rest of his life with only one testis. And it could yet get worse because the dead testis which remains in place might induce the healthy one to destroy itself. This sequence of events could have been brought about by the fact that the tight trousers force the testes to assume an abnormal position that then predisposes them more readily to twist.

In as many as one-third of all women, varicose veins can be found. The wearing of tight clothes is closely associated with the aggravation of varicose veins. They become larger and more tortuous and are sure to worsen with long periods of either standing or sitting still as in long journeys by any mode of transport. This complication is also likely to get worse among women who use oral contraceptives. To be sure, it is not tight jeans or trousers alone that are problematic; wearing tight shoes can cause similar problems to the relevant part of the body. In the feet, they cause bunions which are often painful. They also cause a disfiguring condition of the toes called hallux valgus in which the big toe assumes a position that makes it seem almost like it is opposed to the other toes; it bends hideously towards the others and only a corrective operation can repair some of the worst cases.

The other problem commonly associated with tight clothing is that their close contact with the skin makes one sweat more. Such sweating ultimately proves to be a rich medium for bacteria to thrive in and grow to levels where they are able to damage the skin and cause a host of skin infections. That is part of the explanation for the presence of these infections in the private parts, under the breasts and in the armpits. Those who market the purchase of tight clothing as a strategy for weight loss propagate falsehood and are downright fraudulent in their claims. The reason is simple; the weight that is lost is mainly due to increased sweating. Therefore, only water is lost and can thus be regained within half an hour once the person starts to drink the water in earnest.

Finally, women who wear girdles need to beware. These mean clothes bind down the abdomen and compress the pelvic region. When you are outdoors, it becomes a real issue to pass urine because they are relatively easy to wear but very difficult to remove, particularly when pressed. Sometimes, it may mean the difference between staying dry and urinating on oneself during an emergency situation. The remedy to this is to limit fluid intake when outdoors.   (Punch)

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Donald Trump To Undergo Medical Check Amid Swirl of Allegations Over His Health

By Ben Riley-Smith, US Editor
Donald Trump                               © AP Donald Trump

Donald Trump will attempt to end speculation about his mental and physical suitability for the presidency next week by undergoing a formal health check.

The US president is to be examined by the same doctor as his predecessor Barack Obama and a summary of the results will be made public.

The physical test will last around two hours and include blood and urine tests, heart checks and even questions about his sleeping habits and sex life, according to medical experts.

It will be carried out at Walter Reed National Military Medical Center on the edge of Washington DC, the country’s largest military hospital, on Friday.

By undergoing his first formal medical check since entering the White House, Mr Trump hopes to put to bed allegations about his mental state that emerged this week.

        Related: Trump Says He’s ‘A Very Stable Genius’ (Provided by: Wotchit)

A controversial new book by journalist Michael Wolff claimed Mr Trump was failing to recognise old friends and often repeated stories “word-for-word” .  The White House called questions about his mental suitability for office“disgraceful”.

However those hoping for a tell-all medical reveal may end up disappointed, according to Arthur Caplan, founding head of the Division of Medical Ethics at NYU School of Medicine.

“The president has the same right as any citizen in the United States to keep his medical information private,” he told The Sunday Telegraph. “There’s never been legislation requiring that he does otherwise.”

The examination is merely a custom that has become norm for presidents in recent years, rather than a constitutional or congressional requirement.

Nonetheless Mr Obama, the former president, set the bar of expectation pretty high.  His two-page medical summary released in March 2016 goes into remarkable details.

Mr Obama’s exact height (73.5 inches), weight (175 pounds), body mass index (22.8 kg/m2), resting heart rate (56 bpm) and blood pressure (110/68 mm Hg) are all listed.

Everything from alcohol drinking habits – “occasionally and in moderation” – to his use of nicotine gum and cholesterol levels were spelled out in the official release.

The specificity has raised hopes that some Trump mysteries can finally be solved. Is he really 6 feet 3 inches tall, as the president has claimed despite evidence to the contrary?

Has a diet known to lean towards cheeseburgers and KFC had any impact on the wellbeing of the oldest man ever elected US president?

But the president has the power to hold back any details he wishes – as did Mr Obama, whose clean bill of health came with barely a single negative point.

It will not be the first time Mr Trump, 71, has released medical records. Facing calls for transparency during the 2016 election campaign, the candidate’s personal physician put out a statement .

“Mr Trump has suffered no form of cancer, has never had a hip, knee or shoulder replacement or any other orthopedic surgery,” read a note from Harold N Bornstein, MD.

“If elected, Mr Trump, I can state unequivocally, will be the healthiest individual ever elected to the presidency.”

Reports of how the glowing assessment was procured – written in five minutes while a limo sent by Mr Trump waited outside, according to NBC News – dented its impact.

Dr Bornstein declined to comment on next week’s medical when contacted by this newspaper.

US history is littered with past presidents hiding illnesses.  Grover Cleveland used the cover of a fishing trip to have secret cancer surgery on a yacht in 1893, fearing the impact on the markets if the news got out.

Franklin Roosevelt was said to have hidden the fact he was at “death’s door” when he sought re-election in November 1944. He won, but passed away within six months.

And it is only recently that the full scale of John F Kennedy’s numerous medical problems, and the drugs he used to relieve the pain, have come to light.

The lack of legal requirement for presidents to publish medical examination results has led to calls for the custom to become a rule.

Barbara Perry, the director of Presidential Studies at the University of Virginia’s Miller Center, said: “Having come of age in the Watergate era, I am very keen on transparency in presidents.”

She added: “Just as I want to know the pilot of my airplane is physically and mentally fit for service, the American people have the right to known the condition of their candidates and presidents.”

On Friday, Mr Trump will follow a long line of presidents into the examination room. Critics and supporters alike will be carefully watching the results.   (The Telegragh)

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Some Health Benefits Of Oily Fish You Do Not Know |The Republican News

oily-fish
                                       Oily fish

Oily fish is rich in omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, which have been shown to reduce inflammation and potentially lower the risk of heart disease, cancer, and arthritis. Both white and oily fish are good sources of lean protein. White fish contains fatty acids, but only in the liver, and in smaller quantities.

Cardiovascular disease

Consuming oily fish can help protect against cardiovascular disease, according to the AHA. A study published by the American Physiological Society suggests that fatty fish oils can also protect the heart during times of mental stress.

Rheumatoid arthritis

A study published in the Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases journallinked an average daily intake of at least 0.21 grams (or 210 milligrams) a day of omega-3 with a 52 per cent lower risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Other research suggests that omega-3 fatty acids might protect against the future development of RA.

Dementia

Among people who abuse alcohol, fish oil may offer protection from dementia. Brain cells that were exposed to a mix of fish oil and alcohol had 95 percent less neuroinflammation and neuronal death compared with brain cells that were only exposed to alcohol.

Mouth and skin cancers

Oily fish consumption may protect against early- and late-stage oral and skin cancers. Omega-3 fatty acid has been found to target and selectively inhibit the growth of malignant and pre-malignant cells at doses that do not affect the normal cells.

Sensory, cognitive, and motor development

Consuming oily fish during the last months of pregnancy can have positive effects on a child’s sensory, cognitive, and motor development, research suggests. The same study did not find that breast-feeding offered the same benefits.

Asthma

The children of women who regularly consumed salmon during pregnancy may be less likely to show signs of asthma at the age of 2.5.

Protecting vision and memory

DHA can protect against vision loss. Scientists have identified a link between oily fish consumption and a lower risk of vision loss in older people. A study published in PLOS One indicates that eating oily fish may improve working memory.

Breast and prostate cancer

One meta-analysis of nearly 900,000 women has linked a higher consumption of oily fish with a lower risk of breast cancer. However, another team found that men with high quantities of omega-3 oil in their blood had a higher risk of prostate cancer.

Many people take fish oil supplements for health reasons. Learn more about fish oils and their benefits here.

Although eating oily fish promotes many aspects of good health, overconsumption may not be beneficial. A recent study found a risk of premature death in people with both high and low levels of HDL, raising the question of whether more HDL is always better.

Also, high levels of HDL can be harmful for people who are undergoing dialysis, because it can increase levels of inflammation.

MNT.com

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Cholestorol Finally Removed As Nutrient That Contributes To Heart Disease Or Clogs Arteries

Human-heart
The US government has finally accepted that cholesterol is not a nutrient of concern doing a U-turn on their warnings to us to stay away from high-cholesterol foods since the 1970s to avoid heart disease and clogged arteries.
This means eggs, butter, full-fat dairy products, nuts, coconut oil and meat have now been classified as safe and have been officially removed from the nutrients of concern list.
The US Department of Agriculture, which is responsible for updating the guidelines every five years, stated in its findings for 2015: “Previously, the Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommended that cholesterol intake be limited to no more than 300 mg/day.
“The 2015 DGAC will not bring forward this recommendation because available evidence shows no appreciable relationship between consumption of dietary cholesterol and serum (blood) cholesterol, consistent with the AHA/ACC (American Heart Association / American College of Cardiology)
The Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee will, in response, no longer warn people against eating high-cholesterol foods and will instead focus on sugar as the main substance of dietary concern.

US cardiologist Dr Steven Nissen said: It’s the right decision. We got the dietary guidelines wrong. They’ve been wrong for decades.”
“When we eat more foods rich in this compound, our bodies make less. If we deprive ourselves of foods high in cholesterol – such as eggs, butter, and liver – our body revs up .
The Real Truth about Cholesterol
The majority of the cholesterol in you is produced by your liver. Your brain is primarily made up from cholesterol. It is essential for nerve cells to function. Cholesterol is the basis for the creation of all the steroid hormones, including estrogen, testosterone, and corticosteroids. High cholesterol in the body is a clear indication
which shows the liver of the individual is in good health.
Dr. George V. Mann M.D. associate director of the Framingham study for the incidence and prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and its risk factors states: Saturated fats and cholesterol in the diet are not the cause of coronary heart disease. That myth is the greatest deception of the century, perhaps of any century
Cholesterol is the biggest medical scam of all time
There is no such thing as bad Cholesterol
So you can stop trying to change your Cholesterol level. Studies prove beyond a doubt, cholesterol doesn’t cause heart disease and it won’t stop a heart attack. The majority of people that have heart attacks have normal cholesterol levels.
OUR BODY NEEDS 950 mg OF CHOLESTEROL FOR DAILY METABOLISM AND THE LIVER IS THE MAIN PRODUCER.
ONLY 15% OF CHOLESTEROL IS BEING DONATED BY THE FOOD WE EAT. If the fat content is less in our food we eat, our liver
Got to work more to maintain the level at 950 mg. If the cholesterol level is high in our body, it shows the liver is working perfect.
Experts say that there is nothing like LDL or HDL.

(Source: Washington Post)

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Instead Of Burger And Fries You Should Always Eat Two Burgers – Nutritionist |RN

Dave Maclean
a close up of a sandwich and fries on a table                    © Provided by Independent Print Limited

 

Most food advice makes us sad.

Not a week goes by without us being told that our favourite food is making us ill, or we should be eating more of the thing we hate.

But now a registered dietician and nutritionist has come up with a fast food tip that we’re most definitely on board with.

Her advice: the most sensible way to enjoy fast food is by ordering two burgers instead of one.

Now don’t get carried away – you don’t get to splurge on an extra Big Mac without making any sacrifices.

What Emily Field wants you to do is give up your order of fries for that second burger.

If you’re a chip fan, you’ll struggle with this change, but for those of us who’ll choose a big juicy burger any day of the week, it’s the perfect scenario.

It’s less about the calories though (you’ll eat the same or more calories in many instances), but about the composition of the food.

Protein keeps you feeling full, carbs give you energy, and fat helps you absorb vitamins and minerals.

Emily says the secret with a fast food splurge is to make sure you keep those three things balanced.

She says you’ll end up with fewer cravings later in the day, and less desire to binge.

She told Business Insider: “I want people to be able to approach any food, any situation, and know that they can still make a responsible choice for their body.”

In the body, fats and proteins slow the breakdown of carbs into sugar.

This buffers us against dips and spikes in insulin which can lead to binge eating.

Cereal is an example of a breakfast dish that’ll give you a sharp energy spike that quickly fades.

But Emily says throwing some protein-rich Greek yoghurt or some nuts onto it will help avoid the crash.    (The Independent)

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Life Insurance: Nigeria’s Grave Oversight |The Republican News

Unpacking life insurance!                                   Unpacking life insurance!

Life insurance is one of the most important aspects of personal finance and family security and yet it’s a topic that is surrounded by a lot of confusion and skepticism in Nigeria. What is it? Why do I need it? Is it expensive? Which policy is right for me?

Joining us here to answer your questions and shed some light on the subject is Yomi Onifade, who is a Divisional Director at AXA Mansard. Yomi and his team at AXA Mansard are running a campaign tagged Bonus Life on their Life Insurance Savings Plan. AXA Mansard wants every eligible Nigerian to gift themselves with Bonus Life which is an amazingly simple Savings plan with great investment returns and Bonus life-long insurance cover.

So Yomi, let’s start with the basics: what is life insurance?

Life insurance is a protection against financial loss that would result from the premature demise of an insured person. The named beneficiary receives the proceeds and is thereby safeguarded from the financial impact of the demise of the insured. The amount paid by a life insurer depends on the the level of cover in the agreement.

Unpacking life insurance!                                            Unpacking life insurance!

How many Nigerians have life insurance?

Based on the statistics our team has compiled, less than 1.5% of Nigeria’s adult population has life insurance cover which is extremely low. This was even lower before the Regulator National Insurance Commission – NAICOM commenced a series of initiatives over the past few years to improve penetration. So we are getting there and working towards improving Insurance coverage in Nigeria to get to the levels of other countries like in Finland where 59% of the people are covered. Other countries we could compare Nigeria with include Norway with 55.1% coverage. In Africa, South Africa has 27% of its adult population with life Insurance and Kenya also with 15% adult life insurance. In summary, there is a need for all stakeholders to continue working to improve life insurance coverage in Nigeria and this is one of the key reasons why AXA Mansard’s  Bonus Life is good for Nigerians

Why is life insurance important?

If you are retired or you have no financial dependents, the reality is that you do not need life insurance. In Nigeria, however, most people have a number of dependents. Even if your children are old enough, most of us have other people we care for: spouses, parents, extended family members etc. In the case of an accident or demise, life insurance helps to compensate those left behind for what are often considerable financial consequences: final expenses, outstanding debts, school fees and lost income.

Unpacking life insurance!                                        Unpacking life insurance!

Why don’t more Nigerians have it?

The main reason people are not covered is that they perceive insurance as being extortionately expensive. A typical premium will cost in the range of N20,000/ month. This might seem like good value when said in the same breath as the financial consequences discussed above. But, when taken as a standalone expense without contextualisation, many see it as being too expensive.

For this reason, many Nigerians prefer to put their money in a savings account to provide some psychological reassurance in case of an accident. Today, there are significant number of Nigerians who leave their money in traditional savings accounts that are often yielding less than 2% interest.

How does the Bonus Life savings solve a problem for the Nigerian consumer?

Being sufficiently covered would provide real peace of mind for a huge number of Nigerians. As mentioned above, we know that there are a number of barriers preventing many from taking out policies. That’s why we have Bonus Life.

Bonus Life allows Nigerians to benefit from life insurance without having to pay a N20,000 premium. It is essentially a savings plan like the one you have with your regular bank. You enjoy all the returns of a regular savings plan but the key differences are two-fold: a) you earn superior interest (more than 5%) and b) simply for saving regularly, you get Bonus life insurance cover in case of an accident.

Getting started is easy – simply click here to share a few details and a member of our team will be in touch to explain how you can start enjoying your Bonus.

What’s the catch?

No catch. AXA Mansard is offering Nigerians Bonus Life because we want to build strong relationships with our customers and address the problem that we were well placed to solve.

Unpacking life insurance!

Fill out a few details here and one of our teams will be in touch to help you get started.

This is a featured post

(Business insider)

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