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Diggers In Anambra Made Interesting Archeological Findings, But Unaware Of Its Value

By Ike A. Offor

Igbo-UkwuX3

Some local pit diggers or excavators have made a very surprising findings while they were digging. They stumbled on what seems to be an interesting archeological find, that could open a floodgate of further findings for ancient artifacts.

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Well decorated or designed bronze work

The Igbo of Nigeria in West Africa were known for bronze culture known as Igbo Ukwu, which dates back to 1500BC to 300 AD and they were among the first to work with iron and  bronze smelting and moulding in human history. These findings seem to be the very same iron and bronze works dating back to NOK culture or Igbo Ukwu era in early human history.

The bronze artifacts of Igbo Ukwu dates to 9th Century AD according to Wikipedia.

The Nok people of Nigeria were smelters of iron but also agriculturalists. C. Elliott describes how the culture they founded may have a deep effect upon the ancient history of Africa.

Igbo-Ukwu is notable for three archaeological sites, where excavations have found bronze artifacts from a highly sophisticated bronze metal-working culture dating to 9th century AD, centuries before other known bronzes of the region.

The first, called Igbo Isaiah, was uncovered in 1938 by Isaiah Anozie, a local villager, who found the bronze works while digging beside his home. Five bronze artifacts from the original excavation are now in the British Museum‘s collection. They include a small staff, a head of a ram, a large manilla, an intricately designed crescent-shaped vessel and a small pendant in the shape of a local chief’s head with scarification (ichi) marks on the face.

Formal excavations by the archaeologist Thurstan Shaw in 1959 at the request of the Nigerian government, resulted in the discovery of two other sites, Igbo Richardand Igbo Jonah, containing the remains of an ancient culture. Later, these were excavated as well. Artifacts have included jewelryceramics, a corpse adorned in what appears to be regalia, and many assorted bronzecopper, and iron objects. Some of these contain materials that are evidence of a long-distance trading system extending to Egypt.

Radiocarbon dating placed the sites to 850 AD, which would make the Igbo-Ukwu culture the earliest-known example of bronze casting in the region. The craftsmen were working centuries before those who made the more well-known Ife bronzes. The archaeological sites in southeastern Nigeria are associated with the Nri-Igbo. The three sites include Igbo Isaiah (a shrine), IgboRichard (a burial chamber), and Igbo Jonah (a cache). Artifacts found in these sites have shown that by the 9th century AD, the Igbo-Ukwu people had established a complex religious system and an economy based on agriculture and trade with other African peoples as far as the Nile valley.

The NOK culture covered the entire region of West Africa, and Igbo Ukwu, which covers the entire South Eastern Nigeria. Anambra, where these youths made this finding is a perfect area where likely artifacts of great archeological values could be found. So, it is most likely that what these youths stumbled upon could be of a great archeological value.

It could as well be newer and not as old as the olden days NOK culture iron works or the Igbo Ukwu bronze archeological findings. But whatever it is, it is something that needs further studies by the professional archeologists from within Nigeria and beyond.

 

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Egypt Announces Discovery Of 3,500-Years-Old Tomb In Luxor |RN

(Nariman El-Mofty/AP/PA)    © Provided by The Press Association (Nariman El-Mofty/AP/PA)

Egypt has announced the discovery in the southern city of Luxor of a pharaonic tomb belonging to a royal goldsmith who lived more than 3,500 years ago during the reign of the 18th dynasty.

The tomb is located on the west bank of the river Nile in a cemetery where noblemen and top government officials are buried.

Antiquities Minister Khaled el-Anany said the tomb is not in good condition, but it contains a statue of the goldsmith and his wife as well as a funerary mask.

He said a shaft in the tomb contained mummies belonging to ancient Egyptian people who lived during the 21st and 22nd dynasties.

(Nariman El-Mofty/AP/PA) © Provided by The Press Association (Nariman El-Mofty/AP/PA)

The tomb was discovered by Egyptian archaeologists and the fanfare surrounding Saturday’s announcement is designed to boost Egypt’s slowly recovering tourism industry.   (Press Association)

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17 New Mummies Found In Egypt Desert

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                     The mummies found by archeologists in Egypt

Archaeologists in Egypt have discovered 17 mummies in desert catacombs in Minya province, the antiquities ministry announced Saturday.

The mummies, yet to be dated, were the largest to be found in the area south of Cairo and may be a boost for tourism in the country.

Archaeologists found the non-royal mummies in a series of corridors after following the trail of burial shafts in the Touna-Gabal district of the central Egyptian province, the ministry said in a statement.

Along with the mummies, they found a golden sheet and two papyri in Demotic — an ancient Egyptian script — as well as a number of sarcophogi made of limestone and clay.

There were also animal and bird coffins, the ministry said.

The ministry said they belonged to the Late Period, which spanned almost 300 years up to Alexander the Great’s conquest of Egypt in 332 BC.

But a spokeswoman told AFP they could also date from the Ptolemaic Dynasty, founded by Alexander the Great’s general Ptolemy.

The discovery of the non-royal mummies is considered unprecedented because it is the first such find in the area, officials said at the site.

Egyptologist Salah al-Kholi told a news conference held near the desert site that the discovery was “the first human necropolis found in central Egypt with so many mummies”.

It could herald even more discoveries in the area, he said.

The discovery was “important, unprecedented,” Mohamed Hamza, director of excavations for Cairo University said.

The site is close to an ancient animal cemetery.

“The discovery is still at its beginning,” Antiquities Minister Khaled al-Enany told reporters.

It was the second discovery of mummies announced with much fanfare by the government in less than a month.

In April, the ministry invited reporters to the southern city of Luxor to unveil eight mummies discovered in a 3,500-year-old tomb belonging to a nobleman.

For the cash-strapped Egyptian government, the discoveries are a boon from the country’s glorious past as it struggles to attract tourists scared off by a series of Islamist militant attacks.

“Antiquities are the soft power that distinguishes Egypt,” Enany said. “News of antiquities are the things that attract the world to Egypt.”

Millions of tourists visited Egypt every year to see its Giza Pyramids — the only surviving monument of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World — and its ancient pharaonic temples and relics.

But a popular uprising in 2011 that overthrew veteran strongman Hosni Mubarak ushered in years of unrest that battered the economy and drove away tourists. (Punchng.com)

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Humans May Have Inhabited U.S 115,000 Years Earlier Than Previously Thought (Video)

By Ike A. Offor

Humans may have inhabited U.S. 115,000 years earlier than previously thought, some new archeological findings have revealed so.

Ancient mastodon bones and stone tools found in California suggest humans arrived in U.S. 130,000 years ago.
In some of their findings, Scientists say whoever processed the bones  was doing so to make tools and to extract the marrow.
New research into ancient mastodon bones and stone tools were originally discovered in California in 1992 and this suggests that humans arrived in the United States 115,000 years earlier than previously thought.
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