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Another Doctor Tests Positive For Lassa Fever In LUTH |The Republican News

 

Rats: agents of Lassa fever

 

…3 earlier positive doctors discharged

Lassa outbreak tapering off, but we must remain vigilant – CMD

By Azoma Chikwe

Chief Medical Director, Lagos University Teaching Hospital, LUTH, Idi Araba, Prof Chris Bode said, yesterday, that another doctor had tested positive for Lassa fever.

The new case was among the doctors under surveillance, who had close contact with the index, and she has already commenced treatment and is expected to recover fully very soon.

“Psychological and other supports have also been provided and her family contacts are closely monitored,” the CMD said.

He stated that three doctors admitted with confirmed Lassa fever in the teaching hospital have all been certified fit and discharged home as subsequent repeated tests on them showed that they tested negative for Lassa and no longer harbour the disease.

Last week, two patients were brought to the Lagos University Teaching Hospital and later diagnosed with Lassa fever. Three doctors who closely attended to the first patient later tested positive for the disease and were admitted, while 135 other contacts had been followed up.

However, it was gathered that 70 of the contacts that were being followed up have also been let off, having completed their period of observation.  He said over 400 LUTH staff attended a grand round on Viral Hemorrhagic Fever yesterday at which various aspects of this contagious ailment were discussed.

The importance of a high index of suspicion, early diagnosis and referral were highlighted to medical workers who were also enjoined to observe universal precautions while attending to any patient who may be suspected of having Lassa fever.

The CMD spoke further: “There is a fully equipped response squad available round the clock to assess and take over the management of any suspected cases in LUTH. Various meetings have been held with doctors and other members of staff to reinforce these messages. Pieces of training have also been conducted and are ongoing for staff at the forefront of patients’ care. Both the Federal Ministry of Health and the Lagos State Ministry of Health have supported LUTH with the provision of more drugs and Personal Protective Equipment, follow-up services and decontamination. Free hand sanitizers have been deployed to various wards.

“Ebola Containment Trust Fund, a non-governmental organisation has provided 10 telephones and airtime for the use of our Lassa Fever Response Team in LUTH. The team has been beefed up by several volunteer staff who are working assiduously to overcome this dreaded disease and we are optimistic, buoyed by the successful discharge of those three doctors who had earlier tested positive.”

Prof. Bode said that an internal inquiry had been empanelled to audit possible breaches in established service protocols and any other reasons that resulted in hospital personnel getting infected.

He added that the disease was gradually tapering off but noted “we must remain vigilant while ongoing efforts are maintained to control the disease. LUTH Management thanks, all stakeholders and the Press for their continued support. (The Sun)

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Beware, Sex Can Lead To Stroke! |RN

Sexpositions2

Under normal circumstances, sex, with the right person and in the right environment, is a positive thing.

However, physicians report that in recent times, they have seen bizarre cases of patients who develop stroke minutes after having sex!

What might likely be the case, and what are the signs to watch out for? Read on.

Neurologist, Dr Jose Biller, narrates the case of a 35-year-old female patient who had no known cardiovascular risk factors, was obviously young, healthy, and non-smoking, but she developed stroke after having sex with her boyfriend.

The incident happened a few minutes after the sex. She began complaining of numbness on the left side of her face, her speech became slurred, and her left arm became weak.

As reported in the Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Disease, physicians say it was likely that the patient’s sexual activity triggered her stroke.

“What made the case even more puzzling was the lack of typical risk factors that usually accompany the onset of stroke,” Biller says.

He says, typically, men face a higher risk of developing stroke more than women do, and that it is usually a condition that affects ageing persons.

It was later discovered that a defect in the patient’s heart predisposed her to the condition.

Dr Biller warns that cases like these are not as rare as we might think.

To allay our fears, stroke experts say that generally, sexual intercourse is not likely to trigger a stroke without accompanying risk factors.

“There is nothing about sex that should be reported to increase stroke risk,” Medical Director, Dr Pat Lyden, says.

“Stroke can occur any time: in the shower, on the toilet, working out in the gym or during a class.”

But the question is, what was the cause of this patient’s stroke, and what could be done to prevent it?

Experts say in the case of this 35-year-old woman, the only potential risk factor she had for developing a blood clot was the fact that she was on birth control pills — “a medication is known for increasing one’s risk of developing blood clots,” Biller warns.

But were birth control pills alone to blame for the stroke? In order to find the answer, Biller and a team of neurologists investigated the patient’s medical history and also tested her heart function.

They eventually found the source of the problem: This patient had a hole in her heart that had not been previously detected!

They also discovered that she had a blood clot in one of the main veins in her right leg.

“Most likely what happened was that the clot that was in the venous system traveled to the heart, and because she had that hole, due to the pressure changes that occurred during intercourse, most likely the clot migrated from the right to the left chambers of her heart, and then from the left chamber of the heart and into the brain,” Biller explains.

All these conditions were promptly attended to, and the patient was soon on her path to recovery.

But doctors do warn that though stroke is highly uncommon in young and otherwise healthy individuals, unidentified cardiovascular abnormalities such as this patient’s hole in the heart are not as rare as many might think.

Worse still, as revealed in the journal Archives of Neurology, about one out of every four people has a hole in the heart without knowing it.

Stroke experts warn that young people with a hole in the heart risk a stroke during sexual intercourse or any other activity that could introduce pressure changes in the heart.

Lyden adds that other risk factors for stroke in young people include a migraine, drug use, diseases of coagulation and athletic injuries that cause a tear in the neck arteries.

The bottom line: Know your medical history and take treatment for known conditions. (Punchn.com)

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Having Sex Once A Week Could Help Women Live Longer – Study |RN

mini-skirts

Well, if women had a scientific reason for having sex frequently, here it is: According to a new research, having sex at least once a week could slow down the ageing process. Hooray!

A study published in peer reviewed journal, Psychoneuroendocrinology, in March found that women who have regular sex have longer telomeres – the caps on chromosomes that protect the integrity of the DNA.

That’s a good thing. As you age, your telomeres shorten, and the shorter they are, the more likely you are to develop a degenerative disease and die prematurely.

The study analysed 129 women and found that those who had sex at least once a week were likely to have longer telomeres.

This relationship held up even when the researchers took other factors into accounts, such as stress and the quality of a relationship, which suggests that there’s a strong connection between an active sex life and longer telomeres.

Longer telomeres could point to longer life, a slowing down of the ageing process, and a reduced risk of degenerative disease. Which all sounds splendid.

But before you get too excited, it’s important to note that the study was pretty small and that there could be a whole host of other factors coming into play.

Researchers only gathered data on 129 mothers in committed relationships, so there’s currently no evidence of the ‘sex = longer life’ connection for single women having regular sex or women who haven’t had children.

The researchers note that the findings are ‘largely exploratory,’ and state that they can only generalise them to partnered mothers in long-term relationships.

It’s also possible that there’s a ‘self-selection bias’, meaning healthy women with longer telomere length may be more likely to have regular sex, rather than the opposite cause-and-effect relationship.

Basically, a lot more research needs to be done before we can sack medical treatment and bang our way to better health.

But in the meantime, having sex won’t do much harm. Go for it, if you fancy it. (Punchng.com)

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Both DNA, Upbringing Can Determine Whether A Child Will Grow Up To Be A Psychopath

UKldodgson@businessinsider.com (Lindsay Dodgson)
Screen Shot 2017 08 02 at 16.20.50© Provided by Business Insider UK Screen Shot 2017 08 02 at 16.20.50

  • Psychopaths sometimes have a genetic predisposition that makes them the way they are.
  • There are some biological differences in the brains of psychopaths compared to the general population.
  • Other research suggests that it is someone’s upbringing that has an impact on whether they become a psychopath.
  • It’s likely to be a mixture of nature and nurture that turns someone into a psychopath, and they’re likely to use both to their advantage to manipulate others.

Psychopaths are thought to make up about 1% of the population, and an even higher percentage of people have psychopathic, narcissistic, and sociopathic traits, such as an inflated sense of self or a lack of emotion.

Whether psychopaths are born or made over time, though, is a grey area.

Some scientific literature suggests there is a strong genetic component to these traits.

The genes that make us unfeeling or narcissistic are often selected in evolution because they have benefits, especially if you are in a profession where a cool head is paramount. A higher than average amount of CEOs tends to be psychopaths, for instance.

Perpetua Neo, a therapist and specialist in dark triad personality types, told Business Insider: “Evolution doesn’t care about how altruistic you are, or how much good you do.”

“Evolution only cares that the genes are passed on and they fit a certain environment. So because of that, it can’t really weed out psychopaths and narcissists.”

Because of this, these genes are likely to always persist in the population. So, instead of focusing on attempting to fix people, Neo says it is better to teach people how to recognise red flags for psychopathic behaviours, heal ourselves from any predispositions on being attracted to them, and run “fast and far.”

Genes aren’t our destiny

psycho brain© Provided by Business Insider UK psycho brain According to James Fallon (Jim in the photo), a UC Irvine School of Medicine neuroscientist who accidentally found out he may be a psychopath himself, some genes may be biologically visible.

In his research, he found that many psychopaths show distinctive patterns of brain activity.

He used MRI scanners to examine the brain activity of dozens of people thought to be psychopaths and found that there tended to be reduced activity in the areas that play roles in regulating emotions, impulses, morality, and aggression.

However, Neo says your DNA isn’t the deciding factor in everything. The same genes in different people can be expressed differently thanks to something called epigenetics. Also, negative behaviours can be learned — or even rewarded — in childhood, leading to them being practised more often.

For instance, sometimes children are brought up with a psychopathic or narcissistic parent. In these cases, the child may grow up thinking they can only get attention and resources by being manipulative.

A study in 2013, published in the European Journal of Psychotraumatology, explored the relationship between early childhood neglect and abuse, and the likelihood of scoring higher on the psychopathic scale.

The researchers assessed 22 offenders convicted of violent crimes aged 22 to 60 and used the “Traumatic Experience Checklist” to analyse the level of childhood relational trauma they had experienced. This information was then compared to where the offenders landed on the psychopathic scale, using the “Hare Psychopathy Checklist,” developed by criminal psychologist Robert Hare.

The team concluded that psychopathy may be linked to a history of trauma, particularly in the more severe violent offenders.

Another study, published in the journal Psychological Medicine, examined 333 males and females to see how maternal and paternal bonding and childhood physical abuse had an impact on developing a psychopathic personality at age 28. It also looked at whether children separated from their parents in the first 3 years of life were more likely to be psychopaths 25 years later.

The researchers found that disrupted parental bonding was associated with an increased level of adult psychopathy, with a lack of maternal care being the most important aspect.

“Childhood physical abuse was also associated with psychopathy, but evidence from regression analyses suggests that bonding is more primary than abuse,” the researchers wrote. In other words, neglect at a young age appeared to have more of a connection with an adult psychopathic personality than being physically assaulted as a child.

Trauma is a sliding scale

kevin         © Provided by Business Insider UK Kevin

Parents divorcing could also have an impact on whether psychopathic traits become more pronounced.

Disruptive experiences like a divorce could generate symptoms of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder on par with “big T” trauma events such as abuse, according to one study published in the British Journal of Psychiatry.

Neo said that children who take on these experiences sometimes deal with them by becoming manipulative and learning how to play parents off against each other.

“Some kids, they know how to cry at the drop of a hat, and smile when they get their way,” Neo said. “And the things that they say to play one parent against another, or one parent against an individual, is really well orchestrated.”

However, that’s not the full story. Other children are predisposed to acting a certain way, regardless of their parental situation or how they were brought up.

“There was this study that I read about this subsection of kids who are extremely cruel, and extremely deviant,” said Neo. “From a young age, psychopathic children tend to torture animals for fun.”

“We’ve all done things like catch a dragon fly, or a cockroach, but you read stories about how pre-psychopathic children do things like kidnapping dogs or cats, and slowly dissecting them alive, just to see what’s happening,” Neo added.

“They do it with this cold, detached ability that you don’t see in normal kids who have empathy.”

One case study, reported in The Atlantic, involved a child called Samantha (a fake name), who began exhibiting some worrying behaviours at about age six. She made a “book about how to hurt people” which included drawings of murder weapons like knives, poison chemicals, and a plastic bag to be used for suffocation.

Samantha was adopted by her parents at age two, who already had five biological children of their own. When one of their youngest children was still a baby, Samantha tried to strangle him, just to see what would happen.

“People with such obvious psychopathic, callous behaviours at a young age, after repeated incidents in a family, tend to be institutionalised,” Neo said. “But those who learn to not have such extreme behaviours — they trickle down through the cracks.”

Over time as they grow up, these people find themselves in certain environments which reward their psychopathic traits and behaviours, according to Neo.

“Their psychopathic behaviour muscles or narcissistic behaviour muscles get stronger, and it becomes wired in them as a pattern of being, and it becomes a personality,” she said.

The answer isn’t simple

Where nature or nurture is more of a factor in becoming a psychopath is not fully understood, and much of the research in the area points out the need for further study.

What is known is how psychopaths manipulate the people around them. Neo says they are often familiar with the fact they have had a troubled past, and they use this information to get people to do what they want.

For example, it can be incredibly hard to cut psychopathic people out of our lives, because we know they have had a tough time, so we feel sorry for them.

“Unfortunately, they do not empathise with us,” Neo said. “Their main modus operandi is ‘How do I get the kicks out of hurting someone?’ or ‘How do I get this attention out of making someone suffer?” So inherently, this relationship you have — whether it’s romantic, friendship, or otherwise — is asymmetrical.   (Business Insider)

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10 Top Amazing Sex Tips For Women |RN

Image result for woman and man in bed

• Make the first move. Men love it when women make the first move. So, initiate sex and take control. Take your time and set your own sexual pace to increase your own pleasure.

 Dress to impress. Experiment with dressing up to boost your sexual arousal. If a man in uniform turns you on, get your partner to dress up. Why not meet your lover at the door dressed in a tight skirt and blouse with stockings and killer heels to get his attention?

• Use toys. Regular sex toy use has been shown to increase sexual experience and satisfaction, rather than be a threat to a relationship and can lead to more satisfying orgasms. Many men love to watch their partner use a sex toy on themselves.

• Love lubricants. Using a lubricant during sex can greatly increase both your sexual pleasure and that of your man and make sex last longer too.

• Stop worrying about your body. Men are attracted to the whole package; so, become more confident with your body. Loving the way you look will make you irresistible to your partner.

• Change position. Being on top is extremely pleasurable for many women and will excite your partner too. Using a vibrating cock ring will stimulate both of you, or try a small bullet vibrator against your clitoris to achieve a mind-blowing orgasm.

• Change it up. Make sex more fun by having it in other places, either inside or outside. Have a steamy shower, soaping each other with perfumed soaps or oils. Try having sex in the morning to keep you smiling all day or arrange to meet for lunch to have one.

• Read erotic fiction. Reading a few chapters from a short steamy erotic story will coax the first sparks of sexual desire in you and give you some ideas for your own sex life too.

• Tie me up. Blindfolding your man or being tied up and blindfolded yourself, using only your sense of smell, touch, taste and hearing can be intensely sexually arousing.

• Talk to each other. Open up a conversation about what makes you tick and what turns you on sexually. You may be pleasantly surprised about what your partner fantasises about.    (Punchng.com)

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This Is How Much Exercise You Need To Do For Your Age |The Republican News

Joe Vesey-Byrne
             © Provided by Independent Print Limited

Expert health writers have paired the different exercises you should do to suit your age.

The information, published in the e book How to Live to 100, was written by Lindsay Lyon, Kimberly Palmer, and Philip Moeller.

While inactivity can be reversed by taking up exercise, having a life long programme will have much better health benefits.

Think of it as saving, by being healthier now to give you a better life when you’re retiring.

20s

Although this is the decade when you can fill your body with junk and will still function, this is a huge waste of the time to build your ‘fitness base’.

The muscle strength you build up in your 20s can stay with you into old age.

The book also recommends these activities for at least 30 minutes:

  • Lifting weights
  • Pushups
  • Lunges

20 somethings should aim to exercise for two to three hours per week, a comfortable 8 reps at least, and no more than 12.

According to Pamela Peeke, assistant professor of Medicine at the University of Maryland, four or more hours of exercising per week can reduce a woman’s risk of breast cancer by 60 per cent.

Risk of colon cancer can be cut by 30-40 per cent if you complete three to five hours of cardio per week.

30s

Diversifying your sports programme. If your 20s was when you became really good at one thing, then your 30s it’s time to try something new.

This is advice of Kark Knopf, the coordinator of the Adaptive Fitness Program at Foothill College, and the author of Kettlebells for 50+.

It’s important because one sport or form of exercise will overwork certain parts of your body and neglect others. For instance, swimmers who only swim can later have posture problems, no matter how much they exercise in the pool.

Exercises for your 30s should mix upper and lower body strengths, so if you’re already doing some of these, try the others:

  • Cross-training
  • Cycling
  • Running
  • Swimming
  • Yoga
  • Tai chi
  • Dancing

Stretching is also important, and Knopf suggests heel to toe walks.

40s

According to US News, your 40s are when you can preserve your strength and fight belly fat.

Peeke says that while many people stop weight lifting in their 40s, this is exactly when they should up the amount they do.

Muscle strength drops in both men and women – specifically for men this can be by as much as five to eight per cent.

Keeping this lean muscle and your metabolic rate high requires regular strength work outs. This will keep your calories burning away, and the fat away too.

  • Weight lifting
  • Consistent exercise

This second tip isn’t a specific action, but keeping up regular exercise will help fight off stress, which your hormones kept at bay in earlier years.

50s

Aches and pains are inevitable with ageing, but you can adapt your exercise programme around them. So if you have sore knees, cut out running and take up swimming.

Try these exercises:

  • Pilates
  • Yoga
  • Aerobics

The first two of these will help with back strength, and stopping your posture from curving forward, as tends to begin around this age.

The American Heart Association recommends 30 minutes of aerobics, five times per week.

According to Knopf, there’s no need to overdo in these sessions. Aerobics are just as effective in your 50s when done at at moderate exertion, and this will avoid extreme fatigue and muscle soreness.

60s

Continuing regular exercise will offset chronic conditions like diabetes and heart disease.

Moreover, having greater body strength will improve your chances when you take a tumble, avoiding hip fractures.

Good exercises to keep up are:

  • Weight lifting (at least once, ideally two or three times per week for 30 minutes).
  • Alternate between the upper body and lower body.
  • Zumba
  • Water aerobics

These last two are suggested by Peeke for their communal nature. She recommends joining classes and working with a certified trainer after 60.

70s

From your 70s onwards, avoid rigorous workouts but keep active.

In classes for over 70s run by Knopf, he says that exercises from earlier in life are repeated, but done around a chair.

  • Arm raises with resistance bands
  • Leg lifts
  • Aerobics (chair based)
  • Stretching

One is never too old to benefit from exercise.  (Indy 100)

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Children Born To Mothers Over Age 30 Risk Cancer- Study |The Republican News

Oldmothers

Women who have children after the age of 30 faces a greater risk of their offspring developing cancer, scientists have discovered.

Those who were over 35 were more likely to have infants linked to an increased risk of leukaemia diagnoses –, especially acute lymphoblastic lleukaemia– as well as non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

For those between the age of 30 and 34, a link was found for Hodgkin lymphoma.

The association may be due to an increase in chromosomal mutations in older people, say the researchers.

The findings are worrying, given that the age at which couples are having babies has been rising in recent years.

“We knew that parental age was a risk factor for childhood cancer,” study author Dr. Julia Heck, associate professor at the University of California, Los Angeles School of Public Health, affirm.

“In most cases, older parents confer greater risk, but in some instances, very young (teenage) parents may also have offspring with higher cancer rates. We wanted to explore this relationship in our population-based study.”

A team from the University of Denmark and UCLA examined 5,856 cancer cases of Danish children who were diagnosed before the age of 16.

They looked at the age of parents and cases were classified into age groups.
Heck said she was not surprised at the results.

“Older parental age was a risk factor for various childhood cancers in Danish children,” she said.

“The usual explanation is that there are increasing chromosomal aberrations with older parental ages.”

Increasing new mutations that happen in sperm or egg cells are linked with older age in parents.”

She pointed out we already know that older parents have a greater risk of having a child with Down’s syndrome.

“Similarly, there is the greater risk of Down’s syndrome in the children of older mothers; fathers are studied less often but there are reports of increases in the risk of birth defects related to single gene mutations, as well as neurodevelopmental disorders.”

The study found a stronger correlation between maternal age and childhood cancer risk than for fathers.

There was a ‘slight increase’ in leukaemia and non-Hodgkin lymphoma for the children of older men.

But age aside, there are other steps that soon-to-be parents can take that may promote the health of their baby, Dr Heck suggested.

These include limiting alcohol intake, not smoking and limiting exposure to chemicals as much as possible.  (Punchng.com)

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