Husband Approves Of Wife Marrying A Younger Man As Three Plan To Cohabit

A Finnish woman has started dating a younger man with her husband’s blessing and the trio are already planning how to move in together.

Sarra-Maria Karlstrom-Rantala, 32, was married to her husband, Ville, for a decade when she met Jani, her younger lover reports Mirror UK.

Sarra then decided she was polyandrous and would be married to Ville while dating Jani.

Sarra revealed she lives with her husband for one week and then her lover the next. The trio, who co-own a cafe, hope to move in together soon.

Sarra met Ville at a rock bar over a decade ago and are very happy together. But Jani was brought into their relationship after Sarra met him at a beach while filming a concert where his band was performing.

On her future plans, Sarra said; “Being married to two guys isn’t legal in Finland, so I’m legally married to Ville, and in 2020 I will have a Pagan/Viking ceremony with Jani called Hand Fastening. It’s kind of like a wedding but the priest is our friend.

“We don’t all live together yet, but we hope to soon. We do own a cafe together though.

“At the moment Ville and Jani have their own homes close to each other so I live with Ville for one week and then Jani the next week, and it carries on like so. We spend a lot of time together as a three though.

Meanwhile, Ville’s family members don’t know about the arrangement just yet. (Punch)

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7 Body Smell You Should Never Ignore |The Republican News

        © Provided by Shutterstock


Humans, at their most basic, are smelly beings. So many things about us have a scent, be it our sweat, hair, mouth, or freaking feet. And even if it smells bad, that doesn’t necessarily trigger cause for concern. (After all, my husband’s feet smell to high heaven after a hot workout, but that’s normal.)

What’s not normal is when the scents you’re accustomed to starting to change. Like, when you usually can’t smell your pee, yet all of a sudden sweet-smelling urine starts showing up. Or when your poop smells worse than usual. These are potential signs of something being off with your health, in which case you may need to call a doctor. So if you notice any of these body smells, don’t ignore them – start dialling.

1. You can actually smell your pee.

Normally urine is scent-less, or if it has a scent, it’s usually a very subtle, ammonia-like smell, says Scott Sullivan, M.D., a professor of OBGYN at the Medical University of South Carolina. So if you get a big whiff of sweet-smelling urine without even trying – and it’s accompanied by pain when you pee – schedule a gyno visit. You could have a urinary tract infection (UTI), which means you’ll need to cycle through a dose of antibiotics.

If there isn’t any pain, your diet may be to blame, Sullivan says. “Urine smell is extremely variable and could change a number of times over the course of a week; that’s perfectly normal,” he says. Strong-scented foods, like asparagus or garlic, could have an impact, as could dehydration.

a man and a woman standing in a room © Overture Films 2. Your sweat smells all sorts of nasty.

Let’s be frank: Sweat is not a sweet-smelling scent, um, ever. But there are certain areas of your body – like your pubic hair and underarms – that naturally give off a stronger scent than your hair, chest, and back. So if you smell yourself in those “stronger” areas, don’t freak out right away – as long as things smell the way they normally do, you’re probably fine.

But if you notice a stronger foul smell coming from those more subtle regions, pay attention. Sullivan says a rancid scent could mean your body is struggling with digestion issues. “It’s rare, but it happens,” he says. It may just be a matter of changing up your diet and adding in more high-fibre foods, but your doctor can advise you on the best course of action.

3. Your morning breath sends your partner running.

It’s not the sexiest thing in the world, but if you have bad morning breath you may be snoring or sleeping with your mouth open. Those who do tend to have dry mouth, which typically lowers the flow of saliva in your mouth. Saliva is responsible for cleaning out food particles and protecting the teeth and gums from bacterial infection, says Alice Boghosian, spokesperson for the American Dental Association. If that’s the case, your dentist can prescribe an artificial saliva mouthwash to help fix the problem.

If dry mouth isn’t the problem, have your dentist do a thorough checkup to rule out any dental health issues, like gum disease, which Boghosian says can be caused by plaque. Then head to your doctor, as bad breath could be a symptom of various medical conditions such as sinus or lung infections, bronchitis, gastric reflux, a tonsil infection, and even some liver or kidney diseases.


4. Or it smells like a bowl of fruit.

Just because it’s a more pleasant scent than say, garbage, doesn’t mean you’re out of the woods. In fact, if your breath smells like you just noshed on the entire grapefruit section of the grocery store, then head to your doctor immediately – it could mean you have diabetes, says Boghosian.

According to the American Heart Association, getting too many calories from protein, which is usually the case for those eating low-carb, can result in not enough insulin in the body, and that forces us to start burning energy from our fat stores. When we burn energy from fat, it releases chemicals called ketones. (An energy source many are now turning to on the keto diet.) “One of the signs that ketones levels are too high is a fruity smell to the breath, and if that happens it can be very serious and dangerous to one’s health,” says Boghosian. The scent could also be evident in the vaginal area, Sullivan says, so if your partner notices it while he’s pleasuring you (Sullivan notes about 50% of his patients’ partners notice problems first), that could be another warning sign.

© Provided by Shutterstock 5. Your vaginal discharge smells like fish.

Having discharge is normal. But having it come out clumpy or smelling like the raw fish market is not good, and it could be a sign of a yeast infection, sexually transmitted infection (STI), or chlamydia. As soon as you notice these symptoms, get to your gyno. Regardless of your diagnosis, it’s likely you’ll need a course of treatment.

6. Your vagina smells sour.

“Most women have a very subtle, sort of acidic or vinegary odour, and it’s usually one you wouldn’t notice from a distance; you’d have to be very close up,” Sullivan says. But if you notice your scent has become strong – and it’s likely a fishy, sour, or even musty smell – that’s a telltale sign of bacterial vaginosis (BV), an inflammation caused by the overgrowth of bacteria (usually Gardnerella) normally found in the vagina. “It can happen to anybody, and we don’t understand all the ways it can happen – it could be anything from having sexual relations with a new partner to not getting enough sleep or exercise – but this foreign bacteria helps bad bacteria, like chlamydia, do its dirty work,” he says. Treatment typically involves an antibiotic, either through a topical gel or oral medication, and can be cleared up within a week in most cases.

7. Or it kind of smells like something died down there.

It doesn’t paint a pretty picture, but it can happen, and it may mean that a foreign object (like a tampon, female condom or diaphragm) has been left in your vagina, Sullivan says. “That foreign object will start to attract bad bacteria, and that buildup is where the smell comes from,” he explains. Usually, there won’t be a major problem – having your gyno take out the object should clear the odour in a few days – but in rare, extreme cases, it could lead to a bacterial infection and toxic shock syndrome (a severe disease caused by staph bacteria). If you notice the smell and are experiencing a high fever, contact your doctor immediately. (redboook)


Grave Dangers Of Excess Salt Intake |The Republican News


High salt intake increases blood pressure, which can lead to heart disease, while high potassium intake can help relax blood vessels and excrete the sodium and decrease blood pressure.

By Job Osazuwa

Table salt is an added ingredient in most foods. It is used for curing meat, masking off-flavours, retaining moisture, and enhancing flavours.

Nutrition & Public Health specialist and Director, Nutrition Services and Education, State Primary Health Care Development Board, Osun State, James Oloyede, defines salt as a mineral composed primarily of sodium chloride used in food for both preservation and flavour.

He said both sodium and chloride ions are needed in small quantities in the body. While salt is involved in regulating the water content (fluid balance) of the body, sodium is used for electrical signalling in the nervous system.

Many people believe that without the satisfactory quantity of salt in a food the meal could be classified as tasteless, hence, the need to add more and more. Some persons habitually crave salty, savoury foods and salty snacks.


However, it has become worrisome to many specialists as salt is increasingly and typically consumed in very high amounts in different parts of the world including Nigeria. Well, dieticians advise that it is pertinent for everyone to restrict his or her daily intake of salt to no more than a teaspoon’s per day or no more than 2, 300 milligrams for most adults, according to global dietary guidelines.

Even if you don’t develop high blood pressure from eating too much salt, you may still be damaging your blood vessels, heart, kidneys and brain, experts have warned.

You might be wondering whether you are consuming too much salt or not. The more salt you eat, the higher your blood pressure and high blood pressure dramatically increases your risk of heart diseases and stroke. Also, excessive levels of it in your body, over time, can increase your risk of osteoporosis – a disease characterised by low bone mass and deterioration of bone tissue, as well as other chronic conditions.

It has been revealed that more than 90 per cent of children and 89 per cent of adults consume more sodium than is recommended in the new global 2015-202 Dietary Guidelines. Indeed, nearly all Nigerians, regardless of age, race or gender, consume more salt than is recommended for a healthy diet, said a Lagos-based general practitioner, Dr Dominic Ibe. According to him, many people have been wallowing in a sheer ignorance of the level of salt intake, thereby, exposing their health to the grave and many dangers.

He said despite long-standing advice to cut down on salt, Nigerians’ consumption of salt has stayed mostly the same during the past decade, revealing that the trend was not unconnected with the fact that more than three-quarters of the salt (sodium) that people eat comes from processed or packaged foods and restaurant food.

“If we must witness a drastic reduction of salt consumption in the Nigerian population, restaurants and food manufacturers would need to cut the amount of salt they put in food. This might simply be the most powerful public health tool or campaign that is needed for reducing salt for Nigerians. You must agree with us that most people now patronise food vendors than foods cooked at homes. People, including women, are always busy working into late hours and wouldn’t have the time to start cooking when they get home. Therefore, restaurants’ foods become the likely available option,” Ibe said.

Nutritionists, researchers have reviewed available evidence from different studies and found that high levels of salt consumption have harmful effects on a number of organs and tissues, even in people who are “salt-resistant,” which means their salt intake does not affect their blood pressure. They advise that you will still enjoy your food so much more if you cut your salt intake to acceptable dietary guidelines.

In 2013, a Turkish study showed that lower levels of salt were linked to better brain ability in adults with high blood pressure.

Another research on too much consumption of salt conducted on mice in 2017 revealed: “We translate that in humans to activities of daily living, and that’s what we would call severe cognitive impairment or dementia,” says Costantino Iadecola, a professor of neurology and neuroscience at Weill Cornell Medical College in New York City and the study’s lead researcher.

Experts have also raised the alarm that frequent urination, whether during the day or at night, is a key sign of excessive salt intake. But others have countered the submission saying that it could also be a symptom of a number of other conditions, from an overactive bladder or urinary tract infection to Type 2 diabetes.

High salt consumption levels can lead to reduced function of the endothelium, which is the inner lining of blood vessels. Endothelial cells are involved in a number of processes, including blood clotting
and immune function. High salt levels can also increase artery stiffness, another research revealed.

A study conducted by an associate professor in Kinesiology and Applied Physiology at the University of Delaware, United States of America, David Edwards and others in 2015 reveals: “High dietary salt can also lead to left ventricular hypertrophy or enlargement of the muscle tissue that makes up the wall of the heart’s main pumping chamber. As the walls of the chamber grow thicker, they become less compliant and eventually are unable to pump as forcefully as a healthy heart.”

Edwards’ colleague and chair of the Department of Kinesiology and Applied Physiology at the university, Prof. William Farquhar, said, “chronically elevated dietary sodium may ‘sensitise’ sympathetic neurons in the brain, causing a greater response to a variety of stimuli, including skeletal muscle contraction.

“Again, even if blood pressure isn’t increased, chronically increased sympathetic outflow may have harmful effects on target organs.”

On determining or being watchful over the quantity of salt one consumes, a senior clinical nutritionist at New York University Medical Centre in New York City, USA, Samantha Heller noted that reducing salt consumption can be confusing for consumers because many foods high in salt don’t necessarily taste salty. It is advised that one of the easiest ways to reduce our salt intake is to eat more home-cooked foods using less-processed products.

Corroborating Heller’s position on cutting down of salt intake, Ibe suggested that one of the ways Nigerians can cut the salt in their diet is by reading food labels and deliberately choosing foods low in salt.

“Looking at the label for the content of salt is a powerful way of controlling high salt intake. In addition, people can adopt a healthy eating plan, such as the one recommended in dietary guidelines. Also, people can adopt the dietary approaches to stop hypertension, which is an eating plan that is simple and heart healthy. It’s high in fruits, vegetables, fibre, potassium and low-fat dairy products,” he said.

“Also, an excess of salt in your diet can lead to swollen ankles. Swollen ankles can be caused by water retention as a result of eating too much salt. But ensure you run the appropriate tests and get it evaluated by a doctor. However, other conditions can give rise to swollen ankles. If you suffer from frequent mild headaches and have no idea what is causing them, you might have to reduce your salt intake. An overload of salt in the diet can lead to dehydration-induced headache symptoms,” Ibe enlightened.

Health implications

On the implication of too much salt in the body, Oloyede said studies had shown that when sodium is consumed regularly on an excess basis, the kidneys have trouble keeping up with the need to excrete excess sodium in the bloodstream.

He said: “As sodium accumulates, it gets stored in the blood; increases water retention and blood volume in a bid to dilute the sodium. This increases the pressure on the heart, which has to work harder to pump the blood, thereby increasing pressure on the arteries. This invariably leads to stiffening of blood vessels over time, leading to high blood pressure, heart attack, and stroke, including heart failure.

“In a population with high consumption of salt, high blood pressure is a leading cause of cardiovascular disease accounting for two-thirds of all strokes and half of heart disease. In China, high blood pressure is the leading cause of preventable death, responsible for more than one million deaths a year.

“Interference with Endothelium: high-sodium diets could interfere with the proper functioning of the endothelium (cells that line the interior surface of blood vessels and lymphatic vessels, forming an interface between circulating blood or lymph in the lumen and the rest of the vessel wall). It causes inflammation and stiffening, hence damage to heart, aorta, and kidneys without necessarily increasing blood pressure.

Research shows that a higher intake of salt, sodium, or salty foods are linked to an increase in stomach cancer. The World Cancer Research Fund and American Institute for Cancer Research concluded that salt, as well as salted and salty foods,  are a “probable cause of stomach cancer.”

The higher the salt intake the more the quantity of calcium that your body loses, via urination. If calcium is in short supply in the blood, it can be leached out of the bones. So, a diet high in sodium could have an additional unwanted effect – the bone-thinning disease known as osteoporosis. Studies have shown that reducing salt intake causes a positive calcium balance, suggesting that reducing salt intake could slow the loss of calcium from bone that occurs with ageing.

He said: “Sodium and potassium have opposite effects on heart health. High salt intake increases blood pressure, which can lead to heart disease, while high potassium intake can help relax blood vessels and excrete the sodium and decrease blood pressure. Our bodies need far more potassium than sodium each day, but unfortunately, the converse is the case.

“People who eat high sodium, low potassium diets have a higher risk of dying a heart attack or from any cause. Some studies have found out that people with the highest sodium intakes had a 20 per cent higher risk of death from any cause than people with the lowest sodium intakes. People with the highest potassium intakes had a 20 per cent lower risk of dying than people with the lowest intakes.

“People with the highest ratio of sodium to potassium in their diets had doubled the risk of dying of a heart attack than people with the lowest ratio, and they had a 50 per cent higher risk of death from any cause,” the expert explained.

People at high risk

Oloyede said the people with high risk of developing health problems related to salt consumption are those over age 50; people who have high or slightly elevated blood pressure; diabetes patients and African Americans (US).

Tips for lowering salt intake

To lower the risk from the excess salt intake, Oloyede recommended an increased intake of diet rich in potassium. “Eat more fresh vegetables and fruits, which are naturally high in potassium and low in sodium. Eat less bread, cheese, and processed meat, as these and other processed foods are high in sodium and low in potassium.

Cardiologists (heart experts) recommend getting less than 2, 300 milligrams (mg) of salt or sodium each day, unless the consumer has high blood pressure or if he or she is at risk (those already with hypertension, diabetes or kidney disease). Then, the recommendation is that you eat 1,500 milligrams of salt a day. That’s less than a teaspoon from all your meals and snacks,” he said.

Avoid adding salt to foods at the table: Break the habit of automatically reaching for your salt shaker. Table salt is about 40 per cent sodium. It is more dangerous to add salt to already cooked foods.

Read the labels on salt/sodium content when shopping for foods or snacks: Look for lower-sodium cereals, crackers, pasta sauces, canned vegetables, or any foods with low-salt options. At restaurants, ask about salt added to food. Many chefs will skip or cut back on salt if you ask.

Eat fewer processed and packaged foods: Packaged, processed foods account for most of the sodium in people’s diets. If you prepare your own food, there is a higher chance that you can control what is in it. If your restaurant posts the nutrition facts for its dishes, check how much sodium is in a serving. There may be lower-sodium options on the menu then opt for the latter.   (The Sun)

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Six Kinds Of Men Women Shouldn’t Date Once They’re 30 |The Republican News


File Photo: online 

Having a chequered dating history is a part of growing up. What is necessary is to learn from past mistakes and prevent them from repeating themselves.

Meanwhile, here are six types of guys you should stop dating by the time you’re 30…

• The ‘really busy entrepreneur’ guy. While a strong work ethic is a plus, men who are still new in the business world may not be desirable once you’ve hit a certain age. You’re almost 30 and all eyes are on you to settle down. You have work/life balance already. So, dating a guy who doesn’t have such a balance is going to bring you down. He is likely to either forget dates or cancel them outright at the last minute. He puts you second to work and doesn’t think being with you is a priority.

• The top 40 DJ. Also known as the ‘Going Nowhere Musician,’ leave this guy for girls who are still in their early 20s. He probably has funky looks, complete with lip or nose ring. He’s hopeful he’ll make it big one day, but he hasn’t, because all he did was remix others’ music and talk about what you can’t fathom! You have a high-paying job now and you don’t want to be supporting a starving artist who may depend on you forever! Or, maybe he’s a tech wannabe — the latest rave in Nigeria now. The time you faced reality and moved on!

• The lukewarm guy. This one keeps women on the fence. He sees you once a week for dates. He sometimes texts you all day long, and he sometimes goes for weeks without responding to your calls or texts. He keeps you interested, but he doesn’t appear serious with you. Don’t play a Job here! Move really fast on! Why? Because a guy is either obsessed with you or does not care about you at all. If he cancels dates, takes days to respond, and is generally not forthcoming, he’s definitely not into you. And you deserve better!

• The sex-only guy. As an adult, you should be in control of your sexuality. Don’t feel obliged to date someone or do something you are not comfortable with. No man should take you for a ride. Get the drift?

• The weird boy. Yes, he’s 30-something-years-old but he runs after secondary school girls and compares them to you. He uses drugs socially and dresses as if he couldn’t care less about your feelings. He’s the type that will never commit, and he will be an enormous waste of time. So, move on!

• The Mama’s Boy. A man should love his mother, but definitely NOT more than he loves you. A Mama’s Boy has been catered to his entire life and can do nothing for himself. He can’t even iron a shirt or change a light bulb. You are not a teenager and you should absolutely not be competing with a woman you can never compete with. He idealises his mom and, like it or not, you will never be able to live up to his set of absurd standards. You deserve to be his main girl — not second to his mom.

The bottom line: You deserve someone who treats you like gold and also makes you feel wanted. Live your life and stop compromising.  (Punch)

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13 Things To Avoid During Sex |The Republican News


Tunde Ajaja

Usually, sexual intercourse is one activity that thrives on concentration, and that attention it needs often remains pertinent until the two persons involved in it are okay at the end of the exercise.

But, in spite of the excitement and enjoyment that often come with sex, the act may suddenly become nauseating and uninteresting or dreary due to the actions and inactions of the other person involved. It should be noted, however, that a happy sex life is key in a marriage.

Therefore, it would seem somewhat helpful for couples to know the things they would do or say that could make their partner lose interest in the act or truncate the romp in the sack itself, whether for that moment or even subsequent times. Some of these things are:

Don’t assess their private parts unless it’s complimentary:

From findings, there are things people should not say to their partner during or shortly before sex, as such things could kill the libido of the other person the comment was directed at. For example, before or during sex, telling a man that his penis is small; that he is not good in bed; that he’s a two-minute man or that he smells (including mouth odour) could naturally puncture his libido and make him lose interest in the act, no matter how deeply aroused he had been. Likewise for women, telling a woman during sex that she has a droopy vagina, saggy breasts or body, stretch marks, protruding stomach or pot belly, unshaved pubic hair or that she had odour could deflate her interest. Thus, given the impact certain words could have, psychologists and sex therapists advise that comments that do not complement the other person should not come up during sex. Rather, they said such persons should calmly engage the partner in a chat after the act, with the aim of finding a solution.

Touching a partner’s private parts with disgust:

Notably, people are generally cautious of how they and their organs are perceived during sex, thus, any such action, like touching, that suggests disdain could unsettle the other person and make them lose self-esteem, which would impact negatively on their performance. Thus, people are advised to save their reservation until later, unless they could, in a friendly manner, encourage the partner on how best to deliver with what they have.

Being distracted (pressing phone, checking the time or watching television):

 Most of the time, the one signal people get when they are having sex with someone who seems distracted, especially between husband and wife, is that the person’s mind is not there, or that they are not really interested in doing it or that there’s something more important they need to attend to, all of which could be a turn-off for some people. Thus, couples are often advised not to press phone, whether to answer a call or read a message, watch television, glance at newspapers, check the time or bring up a political discussion, as their partner might lose interest in the act.

Being too hard on the sensitive parts:

The stimulation of certain sensitive parts of the body, like glans (for men) and clitoris or nipples (for women) could boost how much people enjoy the act, but when the partner is too hard on those fragile, sensitive parts, the pain could overwhelm them, deflate their libido, and then make them lose their interest in the act, sometimes gradually. And sometimes, being too hard on such sensitive parts could inflict pain on the person, which would be another kettle of fish.

Coughing or sneezing on the partner’s face:

These are natural body reactions that people do not always have control over, but inasmuch as it could be spontaneous, blowing it all on the face of a partner during sex could kill their interest, especially if mucus is involved. They may be forced to stop and clean their faces, and then the zeal to start again might have disappeared. Thus, according to Bustle, an American-based women’s online medium, people are advised to turn their face away from the partner, for the purpose of hygiene and so as not to impede the flow of the partner.

Comparison with an ex:

Perhaps out of discontent with the performance of a partner, some people tend to point out how their ex-partners did it better, perhaps with the aim of getting their spouse to adopt such an initiative, but findings have shown that comparing a spouse with others, at the spouse’s detriment, could be counter-productive, as it tends to affect their self-esteem and confidence.

Don’t leave the scene unless your partner is satisfied:

From previous findings, sexual dissatisfaction could cause disharmony in marriage, and men are known to be able to reach that destination faster than women, some of whom also require clitoral stimulation for them to reach orgasm. Thus, given the disparity in the time they tend to be sexually satisfied, couples, especially men, are advised to make sure their wives also climax before they leave, so as not to leave the partner hanging. This is particularly important because a previous study by an American sleep researcher and neurologist, Dr Christopher Winter, had shown that men tend to sleep after sex because of the secretion of some hormones, like prolactin and oxytocin, in their system after ejaculation.

Don’t be passive:

It is not uncommon for some women to just lie there and leave all the work to the man, and the same thing applies to some men, especially when they adopt the woman on top style. But according to sex therapists, good and satisfactory sex is a product of contributory efforts, because, according to them, seeing a partner actively involved could be encouraging. On the other hand, they said being passive could present the other person making the effort as being selfish. Also, it was found that being passive and not saying anything could smirk of non-approval or just doing it out of obligation.

Don’t assume your partner knows what you want:

According to psychologists and sex therapists, communication is key in any relationship, whether in matters of sexual intimacy or any other thing that concerns the marriage. Thus, when displeased about what the partner is not doing right, couples are always advised to voice out their concern and not resort to frowning or hissing as a way of registering their displeasure. This could bring the act to an abrupt end because the other person might also lose interest.

Don’t be too forward:

For the fact that couples are not strangers to each other, there is sometimes the temptation of trying out new things, especially when there is deep intimacy between them. However, experts are of the view that before trying out something unconventional or something entirely new, in the name of being creative, couples should discuss their new ideas or innovations, so that the partner doesn’t see them as being wild or learning things from outside.

What if you fart during sex:

This is another natural body reaction that sometimes comes unannounced, and if it comes at a wrong time, it is normal for people to feel embarrassed, which is enough to lose composure, but, according to experts, people should not crucify themselves if they fart during sex. They are simply advised to apologise to their partner and move on, without ruining their good time.

Don’t lie about being satisfied:

In order not to feel like an addict or someone who doesn’t get satisfied easily or hurt the ego of their partner, some people, especially women, fake their orgasm. But according to experts, this is not good for the relationship, as they say, it’s a way of masking a problem that needs to be addressed, sometimes giving the man a false impression that he’s okay when he should be treating premature ejaculation. Hence, married persons are encouraged to make their dissatisfaction known to their partner, so that at a later date when they decide to voice out, it would not be seen as being demanding.

Take it easy:

According to experts, quick or violent thrusting could be pleasurable, but findings have also shown that it could inflict some injury on the vaginal walls or some bruises on the penis. Also, in extreme cases, it has been found to also be a risk factor for penile fracture.  (Punch)

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One Binge Drinking Episode Affects Gene That Regulates Sleep – Scientific Finding

One in six U.S. adults binges drinks at least four times a month, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Previous studies have linked binge drinking to sleep disruption. Now, new findings from the University of Missouri School of Medicine explain how a single episode of binge drinking can affect the gene that regulates sleep, leading to sleep disruption in mice. The finding may shed light on how sleep problems can contribute to alcoholism in humans.

“Sleep is a serious problem for alcoholics,” said Mahesh Thakkar, PhD, professor and director of research in the MU School of Medicine’s Department of Neurology and lead author of the study. “If you binge drink, the second day you will feel sleep deprived and will need to drink even more alcohol to go to sleep. It is a dangerous cycle. How can we stop this cycle or prevent it before it begins? To answer that question, we need to understand the mechanisms involved.”

a dna strand


Using a mouse model, Thakkar monitored the effect of binge drinking on sleep patterns. Thakkar found mice exposed to binge drinking experienced a significant increase in non-rapid eye movement sleep four hours post-binge, followed by increased wakefulness and reduced sleep during subsequent sleep periods. Thakkar also discovered post-binge mice did not experience an increase in a sleep-promoting chemical, adenosine, in the brain nor increased sleep pressure during sleep deprivation. The research also revealed binge alcohol consumption affects the gene that regulates sleep, resulting in sleep disturbances.

“What we have shown in this research is that a particular gene — which is very important for sleep homeostasis — is altered by just one session of binge drinking,” Thakkar said. “We were not expecting this. We thought it would be affected after multiple sessions of binge drinking, not one. That tells you that as soon as you consume four drinks, it can alter your genes.”


In addition to Thakkar, the study authors include Pradeep K. Sahota, MD, chair of neurology at the MU School of Medicine; and Rishi Sharma, PhD, assistant research professor of neurology at the MU School of Medicine. Their study, “Binge Drinking Disrupts Sleep Homeostasis,” was recently published by the Journal of Neurochemistry.

Funding: Research reported in this publication was supported by the Harry S. Truman Memorial Veterans’ Hospital and the Department of Veterans Affairs Merit Research Award number I01BX002661.

The authors of the study declare that they have no conflicts of interest. The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the funding agencies.

Source: Eric Maze – University of Missouri-Columbia

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Nigerian Mother Gave Birth To Entirely White Baby With Blue Eyes With Her White Husband

Mom exhausted after giving birth, but as soon as she looks down—’ is this my baby?’

By Epoch Uplift

Catherine and Richard Howarth, from England, were a happy newlywed couple when they learned that they were expecting a baby boy.

Richard was pale with reddish hair and Catherine was of Nigerian descent; all of her relatives were darker skinned compared to her, and everyone was looking forward to the adorable baby.

They could not have known they were actually blessed with a one in a million baby!

After a long labour in the maternity wing of the hospital in Milton Keynes, Catherine was already exhausted and “so drowsy on the narcotics.”

So when the mother looked down and saw her child for the first time, she could not believe what she was seeing.

“I looked and said: ‘Is this, my baby?’”

Richard, 34, the father of baby boy Jonah, was just as astonished as his wife.

Richard is white and Catherine is black – and the bundle of joy they had just received was white as well! And as it should turn out later—not only is Jonah white, he also has bright blue eyes!

“They placed Jonah on Catherine’s stomach and that was when I saw him first and then they gave him to Catherine,” the young father reflected on the precious moment of seeing his son for the first time.

It was hard to believe for everyone in the maternity ward at first and Catherine even had to ask the midwife: “You sure this is my baby? Is this my baby?”

The well-experienced midwife just laughed and said “Yes, yes! Of course, it’s yours!”

Of course, they were happy with having a healthy baby boy and Catherine said she just instantly fell in love with the little fellow.

“I looked and I said, ‘wow!’ ” she said. You know, as a first-time mother I said wow I can’t believe I created him. And I just fell in love with him instantly.”

It is common that babies from a mixed-race couple appear to be brighter at birth, but Catherine noted that Jonah’s ears are just as white as his face and hands. The ears are normally the indicator that gives the actual skin colour away.

The couple consulted with Dr Emily Grossman, who specializes in genetics, to solve the mystery of Jonah’s skin colour. The precious baby boy just resembles his mother’s features perfectly but has his father’s skin tone.

“The doctor’s said that it was a one in a million chance. There is one explanation that could explain why that would be,” Dr Grossman commented on the spectacular case.

“Contrary to eye colour, skin colour is controlled by up to 20 different genes rather than just one as with eye colour—each of which has a small effect on colour. You have almost infinite combinations of different colours from two different coloured parents,” she explained. “It is totally, totally by chance.”

The Howarths really had been blessed with a one in a million baby!

Catherine added,”We get so much attention just walking down the street. We always get stopped by people asking. First of all: he is such a cute baby. You should put him into baby modelling.”

The proud young mother sighed,”The first question they ask is: is he really yours? And they want to know the story straight away!”

But the proud parents are fine with the growing interest in their infant son as “he loves the attention. He is a very smiley baby. He loves different faces and is very sociable” Catherine said.





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