Advertisements
Image

One Binge Drinking Episode Affects Gene That Regulates Sleep – Scientific Finding

One in six U.S. adults binges drinks at least four times a month, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Previous studies have linked binge drinking to sleep disruption. Now, new findings from the University of Missouri School of Medicine explain how a single episode of binge drinking can affect the gene that regulates sleep, leading to sleep disruption in mice. The finding may shed light on how sleep problems can contribute to alcoholism in humans.

“Sleep is a serious problem for alcoholics,” said Mahesh Thakkar, PhD, professor and director of research in the MU School of Medicine’s Department of Neurology and lead author of the study. “If you binge drink, the second day you will feel sleep deprived and will need to drink even more alcohol to go to sleep. It is a dangerous cycle. How can we stop this cycle or prevent it before it begins? To answer that question, we need to understand the mechanisms involved.”

a dna strand

 

Using a mouse model, Thakkar monitored the effect of binge drinking on sleep patterns. Thakkar found mice exposed to binge drinking experienced a significant increase in non-rapid eye movement sleep four hours post-binge, followed by increased wakefulness and reduced sleep during subsequent sleep periods. Thakkar also discovered post-binge mice did not experience an increase in a sleep-promoting chemical, adenosine, in the brain nor increased sleep pressure during sleep deprivation. The research also revealed binge alcohol consumption affects the gene that regulates sleep, resulting in sleep disturbances.

“What we have shown in this research is that a particular gene — which is very important for sleep homeostasis — is altered by just one session of binge drinking,” Thakkar said. “We were not expecting this. We thought it would be affected after multiple sessions of binge drinking, not one. That tells you that as soon as you consume four drinks, it can alter your genes.”

ABOUT THIS NEUROSCIENCE RESEARCH ARTICLE

In addition to Thakkar, the study authors include Pradeep K. Sahota, MD, chair of neurology at the MU School of Medicine; and Rishi Sharma, PhD, assistant research professor of neurology at the MU School of Medicine. Their study, “Binge Drinking Disrupts Sleep Homeostasis,” was recently published by the Journal of Neurochemistry.

Funding: Research reported in this publication was supported by the Harry S. Truman Memorial Veterans’ Hospital and the Department of Veterans Affairs Merit Research Award number I01BX002661.

The authors of the study declare that they have no conflicts of interest. The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the funding agencies.

Source: Eric Maze – University of Missouri-Columbia

http://www.twitter.com/RNNetwork1

Continue reading

Advertisements
Image

Nigerian Mother Gave Birth To Entirely White Baby With Blue Eyes With Her White Husband

Mom exhausted after giving birth, but as soon as she looks down—’ is this my baby?’

By Epoch Uplift

Catherine and Richard Howarth, from England, were a happy newlywed couple when they learned that they were expecting a baby boy.

Richard was pale with reddish hair and Catherine was of Nigerian descent; all of her relatives were darker skinned compared to her, and everyone was looking forward to the adorable baby.

They could not have known they were actually blessed with a one in a million baby!

After a long labour in the maternity wing of the hospital in Milton Keynes, Catherine was already exhausted and “so drowsy on the narcotics.”

So when the mother looked down and saw her child for the first time, she could not believe what she was seeing.

“I looked and said: ‘Is this, my baby?’”

Richard, 34, the father of baby boy Jonah, was just as astonished as his wife.

Richard is white and Catherine is black – and the bundle of joy they had just received was white as well! And as it should turn out later—not only is Jonah white, he also has bright blue eyes!

“They placed Jonah on Catherine’s stomach and that was when I saw him first and then they gave him to Catherine,” the young father reflected on the precious moment of seeing his son for the first time.

It was hard to believe for everyone in the maternity ward at first and Catherine even had to ask the midwife: “You sure this is my baby? Is this my baby?”

The well-experienced midwife just laughed and said “Yes, yes! Of course, it’s yours!”

Of course, they were happy with having a healthy baby boy and Catherine said she just instantly fell in love with the little fellow.

“I looked and I said, ‘wow!’ ” she said. You know, as a first-time mother I said wow I can’t believe I created him. And I just fell in love with him instantly.”

It is common that babies from a mixed-race couple appear to be brighter at birth, but Catherine noted that Jonah’s ears are just as white as his face and hands. The ears are normally the indicator that gives the actual skin colour away.

The couple consulted with Dr Emily Grossman, who specializes in genetics, to solve the mystery of Jonah’s skin colour. The precious baby boy just resembles his mother’s features perfectly but has his father’s skin tone.

“The doctor’s said that it was a one in a million chance. There is one explanation that could explain why that would be,” Dr Grossman commented on the spectacular case.

“Contrary to eye colour, skin colour is controlled by up to 20 different genes rather than just one as with eye colour—each of which has a small effect on colour. You have almost infinite combinations of different colours from two different coloured parents,” she explained. “It is totally, totally by chance.”

The Howarths really had been blessed with a one in a million baby!

Catherine added,”We get so much attention just walking down the street. We always get stopped by people asking. First of all: he is such a cute baby. You should put him into baby modelling.”

The proud young mother sighed,”The first question they ask is: is he really yours? And they want to know the story straight away!”

But the proud parents are fine with the growing interest in their infant son as “he loves the attention. He is a very smiley baby. He loves different faces and is very sociable” Catherine said.

(Facebook)

(Uplift)

 

 

Continue reading

Image

Mobile Phone Use After 10pm Increases Chances Of Depression, Loneliness – Study

a person sitting in a chair talking on a cell phone    © Provided by Independent Digital News & Media Limited  

A special message from MSN:

Nine million people across all age groups and walks of life in Britain are affected by loneliness. We’ve partnered with three charities – Mind, the Campaign to End Loneliness and Wavelength – to tackle this debilitating and complex issue. You can help make a difference – please donate now.

It’s no secret that using your phone at before bed isn’t really conducive to a good night’s sleep.

However, now a study of more than 91,000 people has found that scrolling through your Instagram and Twitter feeds from the comfort of your pillow in the wee hours could increase the likelihood of developing a number of psychological problems such as depression, bipolar disorder and neuroticism.

Late night phone-usage is just one of the disruptive behaviours pointed out by the researchers, who attributed the links to the aforementioned symptoms to body clock disturbance.

Previous research has shown the detrimental effects of interruptions to the body’s natural 24-hour cycle of the body – known as the circadian rhythm – as the result of shift work that requires employees to work through the night.

However, this study, published in The Lancet Psychiatry by professors at The University of Glasgow, is the first to monitor body clock disruption on such a large scale.

Participants aged 37 to 73 had their activity levels monitored by wrist-work accelerometers, which they wore for a seven day period, enabling researchers to measure the extent at which their circadian rhythmicity was disturbed during this time.

However, there were caveats to the findings, given that participants were only monitored for a week and were exclusively middle-aged and above.

The researchers also conducted cross-sectional examinations to measure participants’ psychological well-being and found that roughly one in 25 had unusual activity habits whereby they weren’t that much more active during the day than the night.

These people were 11 per cent more likely to have bipolar disorder and six per cent more likely to be battling depression, they found.

Plus, they also reported lower happiness levels and greater rates of loneliness.

Such people suffer from “very poor sleep hygiene”, said lead author Daniel Smith of the University of Glasgow and would engage in late night activities such as playing on their mobile phones or making cups of tea.

The figures may seem small, however, Smith added they are no less significant:

“This is important because it seems to be across the board,” he said, “so it is a very consistent finding for these negative mental health and cognitive outcomes.”

While Smith advocated imposing a 10pm limit to phone usage to help combat this, he added that daytime activities have a part to play too, explaining that a healthy sleep pattern is often the result of being active during the day and inactive at night.

“I think this is important as a population health issue because so many of us are living with disrupted circadian rhythms,” he said.

“It’s unlikely that the way society is currently set up is good for your health. So many people are living in city environments flooded with light 24/7.”

(Independent)

http://www.twitter.com/RNNetwork1

Continue reading

Image

Why You Should Never Take Your Shoes Off On An Aeroplane |The Republican News

           © Provided by Shutterstock  

What should be worn during takeoff?

Tony Luna:

If you are a frequent flyer, you may often notice that some passengers like to kick off their shoes the moment they’ve settled down into their seats.

As an ex-flight attendant, I’m here to tell you that it is a dangerous thing to do. Why?

Besides stinking up the whole cabin, footwear is essential during an aeroplane emergency, even though it is not part of the flight safety information.

During an emergency, all sorts of debris and unpleasant ground surfaces will block your way toward the exit, as well as outside the aircraft. If your feet aren’t properly covered, you’ll have a hard time making your way to safety.

Imagine destroying your bare feet as your run down the aisle covered with broken glass, fires, and metal shards. Kind of like John McClane in Die Hard, but worse. Ouch!

A mere couple of seconds delay during an emergency evacuation can be a matter of life and death, especially in an enclosed environment. Not to mention the entire aircraft will likely be engulfed in panic and chaos.

So, the next time you go on a plane trip, please keep your shoes on during takeoff, even if it is uncomfortable.

You can slip on a pair of bathroom slippers if you really need to let your toes breathe. They’re pretty useless in a real emergency evacuation, but at least they’re better than going barefoot.  (Quora.com)

http://www.twitter.com/RNNetwork1

Continue reading

Image

The Right Way To Serve And Drink Champagne, According To Experts |RN

Sabrina Barr
a glass of wine          © Provided by Independent Digital News & Media Limited  

With the summer wedding season due to soon commence, and barbecues aplenty likely to take place across the country, there’s no doubt that the champagne will be flowing continuously over the next few months.

With that in mind, it may be worth considering how you serve and drink champagne, as there are many easy techniques that you can employ to boost its taste.

Experts from the House of Champagne Lanson have provided their recommendations on how best to enjoy a glass of bubbly.

Here are the dos and don’ts regarding how to drink champagne the right way, according to the industry experts.

Keep it in a cool, dry place

While many people may instinctively place a bottle of champagne in the fridge, it’s actually preferable to keep it in a cool, dry place.

In the instance that an individual doesn’t handily have a wine cellar, the bottom of your wardrobe or a household cupboard could make for an ideal alternative, the experts informed The Daily Mail.

Serve it in a flute

There’s a reason why champagne is often served in a flute rather than another type of glass, and it all comes down to the bubbles.

              © provided by Shutterstock

When champagne is poured into a glass with a wider rim at the top, the bubbles on the surface of the beverage are more likely to disappear at a faster rate.

Therefore, serving champagne in a flute can not only make the bubbles last longer but also retain the flavour of the drink.

Serve it with dessert

Champagne is frequently offered as a welcome drink at events, with wine then offered throughout a meal.

However, the experts advise serving champagne with the dessert portion of the meal, as a lighter, fresher alternative to the sweeter-tasting dessert wine.

Don’ts

Drink champagne by itself

Adding other ingredients to champagne, such as mint or lemon peel, can really enhance the flavour, the experts state.

If you enjoy experimenting with other forms of alcohol, then why not also trying doing so with a glass of bubbly?

           © Provided by Shutterstock

Pour an entire glass in one go

Apparently, the ideal way to pour a glass of champagne is to first pour an inch into the glass and then leave it so that the foam can settle.

Only once the foam has settled should you then top up the rest of the glass until it’s been filled two-thirds of the way.

Chill your champagne for too long

The experts advise not chilling champagne for a long period of time in the fridge, as it isn’t as pleasant to drink if it’s too cold.

Instead, you should place the champagne in an ice bucket for around 30 minutes before serving to guests.

            © provided by Shutterstock

Save the champagne for a significant occasion

The majority of champagne isn’t vintage, meaning that it’s sold during the time in which it’s ideal for it to be consumed.

With that in mind, don’t succumb to the temptation to hold onto purchased champagne for years on end. Enjoy it!  (Daily Mail)

http://www.twitter.com/RNNetwork1

Continue reading

Image

Coffee Drinking During Pregnancy Increases Risk Of Obesity In Children – Scientists

By Appolonia Adeyemi

 

Scientists have warned mothers-to-be against drinking coffee, saying it may lead to obesity in their babies. According to the study findings published in ‘BMJ Open Journal,’ even one or two cups of coffee may increase the risk of obesity in the children. Coffee is one of the most preferred and loved caffeinated beverages around the world and many people all over the world take it.

There have been several scientific studies on the benefits and side-effects of coffee. Coffee has been shown to be a potent source of healthful antioxidants. Similarly, part of the previous studies showed that potential health benefits associated with drinking coffee include protection against type 2 diabetes, Parkinson’s disease, liver disease, liver cancer, and promoting a healthy heart.

However, this new study was warning mothers-to-be against drinking coffee, though it was not clear how prenatal coffee consumption is linked to child obesity The researchers looked at some 50,943 expectant mothers and those women who consumed caffeine during their pregnancy were monitored along with their babies until these kids were about eight years old.

“The study results stated that the number of kids of the age of five years who were overweight or obese was five percent higher in the group of women who had consumed the highest amount of coffee during their pregnancy period, as compared to the group of women who had the lowest coffee consumption,” the ‘NDTV’ reported.

Although the Swedish National Food Agency recommended restricting caffeine consumption to about three cups every day for pregnant women, the new study found that consuming even this stipulated amount of coffee was not completely safe as its findings showed that increased risk of obesity was present in the children of women who had stuck to this limit.  (New Telegraph)

http://www.twitter.com/RNNetwork1

Continue reading

Image

This Is What Happens When You Don’t Drink Enough Water |The Republican News

Dominique Michelle Astorino
Effects of Dehydration          © POPSUGAR Photography / Kat Borchart Effects of Dehydration  

Besides the fact that you’d literally die without it, there are many, MANY imperative reasons to drink water frequently, every single day. It starts out pretty mild – you might feel thirsty and have a dry mouth. But the long-term effects of not drinking enough water not only have an effect on your weight (in a bad way), but they’re also extremely dangerous and life-threatening.

Here’s what happens to your body.

Milder Symptoms

Even mild dehydration has strong effects. Here’s how you’ll feel with a lack of H2O (hint: it’s really not fun).

  • Fatigue, tiredness, sleepiness
  • A headache
  • Constipation
  • Dizziness
  • Mood change, irritability, increased anxiety
  • Sunken eyes
  • Shrivelled skin
  • Muscle cramps
  • Joint aches

 

Severe Symptoms

If things get worse, so do your symptoms. These are the “go to the hospital” signs.

  • Low blood pressure, with a rapid heartbeat
  • Fever
  • Delirium, unconsciousness
  • Severe diarrhoea and/or vomiting
  • Inability to keep fluids down

Latent Effects

            © Provided by Shutterstock

Consistently not drinking enough water for an extended period of time has its effect as well. Although you may brush off the milder side effects, your body is still suffering – and several of these have a significant bearing on weight gain.

  • Low water, slow metabolism. Your body’s ability to remove waste and detoxify is inhibited. In addition, your metabolism is slower without water. One study found that drinking 16 ounces of water daily increases your metabolic rate by 30 percent. Guys. That’s literally ONE standard-size water bottle. JUST DRINK IT.
  • Increased hunger. When you’re somewhat dehydrated, your body confuses it for hunger, causing you to eat when you don’t need to. Read: weight gain.
  • Slowed circulation, irregular temperature. Your CV system suffers, and your equilibrium is totally out of whack.
  • Digestion problems. That constipation we talked about becomes a regular thing. Not fun. Also not great for weight loss.
  • General fatigue. Same goes for your energy levels. You’ll constantly feel tired, unable (or unwilling) to exercise, and unable to concentrate.
  • Increased blood sugar. Your body needs water to break down sugar. If you’re diabetic, this is especially dangerous.

Severe Long-Term Effects

Now for the worst of it. Yes, it’s terrible that dehydration can make you gain weight (or keep you from losing it), but there are some bigger issues at hand. If you’re truly neglecting your water intake, this should likely help you get on track. Here’s what happens to your body when you don’t get enough water.

  • Heat injury
  • Brain swelling
  • Seizures
  • Hypovolemic shock
  • Kidney failure
  • Coma and death

Now go get yourself a water bottle and FILL. IT. UP.     (PopSugar)

http://www.twitter.com/RNNetwork1

Continue reading

%d bloggers like this: