Mire attacked random stranger Lyle Zimmerman with a rusty knife as the 56-year-old musician walked through Leytonstone Tube station in east London on December 5.
Last month a jury convicted Mire of attempted murder.
He was sent Monday to begin his sentence at the top-security Broadmoor psychiatric hospital, where he was already being detained for treatment.
Mire will serve a minimum of eight and a half years before he can possibly be considered eligible for release.
At the Old Bailey Central Criminal Court in London, judge Nicholas Hilliard said he accepted that Mire was suffering from paranoid schizophrenia at the time of the attack.
But he said he was also in no doubt that Mire was motivated by the conflict in Syria.
“Because Muslims were being bombed in Syria, he was going to attack civilians here,” said Hilliard, the recorder of London.
Hilliard said he was sure that the “extremely serious violence” was intended “to intimidate at least a section of the public” in order to advance a “religious and extremist cause… namely Islamic extremism”.
“This was an attempt to to kill an innocent member of the public for ideological reasons by cutting his throat in plain sight for maximum impact,” he said.
Hilliard said had the knife blade not broken from the handle, “it is hard to see that Mr Zimmerman would have survived the attack”. The Guardian